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Article

Where Do Ecosystem Services Come From? Assessing and Mapping Stakeholder Perceptions on Water Ecosystem Services in the Muga River Basin (Catalonia, Spain)

1
Department of Geography, Institute of Environment, IMA-UdG, University of Girona, 17071 Girona, Spain
2
ICRA, Catalan Institute for Water Research, 17003 Girona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(10), 385; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9100385
Received: 10 September 2020 / Revised: 6 October 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 12 October 2020
Reductions in water availability and increasing rainfall variability are generating a narrative of growing competition for water in the Mediterranean basin. In this article, we explore the distribution and importance of water resources in the Muga River Basin (Catalonia, Spain) based on key stakeholders’ perceptions. We performed a sociocultural evaluation of the main water ecosystem services in the region through stakeholder interviews and participatory mapping. The basin was generally perceived as a hotspot of ecosystem services, but we detected varying opinions and considerable differences in the perceptions of importance and spatial distribution of water ecosystem services. These discrepancies were linked to the varying levels of stakeholders’ dependence on water. Our findings are important for contributing to correct water planning and management in the river basin, which is a complex water social system marked by conflicts between different stakeholder groups vying for the same resource. This complex situation requires bottom-up strategies to create transparent, participatory decision-making models. View Full-Text
Keywords: socioecological systems; water ecosystem services; participatory mapping; stakeholder values; spatial analysis; river basin socioecological systems; water ecosystem services; participatory mapping; stakeholder values; spatial analysis; river basin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Garau, E.; Vila-Subiros, J.; Pueyo-Ros, J.; Ribas Palom, A. Where Do Ecosystem Services Come From? Assessing and Mapping Stakeholder Perceptions on Water Ecosystem Services in the Muga River Basin (Catalonia, Spain). Land 2020, 9, 385. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9100385

AMA Style

Garau E, Vila-Subiros J, Pueyo-Ros J, Ribas Palom A. Where Do Ecosystem Services Come From? Assessing and Mapping Stakeholder Perceptions on Water Ecosystem Services in the Muga River Basin (Catalonia, Spain). Land. 2020; 9(10):385. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9100385

Chicago/Turabian Style

Garau, Enrica; Vila-Subiros, Josep; Pueyo-Ros, Josep; Ribas Palom, Anna. 2020. "Where Do Ecosystem Services Come From? Assessing and Mapping Stakeholder Perceptions on Water Ecosystem Services in the Muga River Basin (Catalonia, Spain)" Land 9, no. 10: 385. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9100385

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