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Open AccessArticle

Conservation Benefits of Tropical Multifunctional Land-Uses in and Around a Forest Protected Area of Bangladesh

by Sharif A. Mukul 1,2,3,* and Narayan Saha 4
Tropical Forestry Group, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane QLD 4072, Australia
Tropical Forests and People Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore QLD 4558, Australia
Centre for Research on Land-use Sustainability, Noakhali 3800, Bangladesh
Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, School of Agriculture and Mineral Sciences, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet 3114, Bangladesh
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is extended from the version presented at the 23rd IUFRO World Congress (Forests for the Future: Sustaining Society and the Environment) held in Seoul, Republic of Korea during 23–28 August 2010.
Academic Editors: Jeffrey Sayer and Chris Margules
Received: 16 November 2016 / Revised: 24 December 2016 / Accepted: 26 December 2016 / Published: 1 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity in Locally Managed Lands)
Competing interests in land for agriculture and commodity production in tropical human-dominated landscapes make forests and biodiversity conservation particularly challenging. Establishment of protected areas in this regard is not functioning as expected due to exclusive ecological focus and poor recognition of local people’s traditional forest use and dependence. In recent years, multifunctional land-use systems such as agroforestry have widely been promoted as an efficient land-use in such circumstances, although their conservation effectiveness remains poorly investigated. We undertake a rapid biodiversity survey to understand the conservation value of four contrasting forms of local land-use, namely: betel leaf (Piper betle) agroforestry; lemon (Citrus limon) agroforestry; pineapple (Ananas comosus) agroforestry; and, shifting cultivation–fallow managed largely by the indigenous communities in and around a highly diverse forest protected area of Bangladesh. We measure the alpha and beta diversity of plants, birds, and mammals in these multifunctional land-uses, as well as in the old-growth secondary forest in the area. Our study finds local land-use critical in conserving biodiversity in the area, with comparable biodiversity benefits as those of the old-growth secondary forest. In Bangladesh, where population pressure and rural people’s dependence on forests are common, multifunctional land-uses in areas of high conservation priority could potentially be used to bridge the gap between conservation and commodity production, ensuring that the ecological integrity of such landscapes will be altered as little as possible. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiversity conservation; agroforestry; traditional land-use; land-sparing; land-sharing; wildlife biodiversity conservation; agroforestry; traditional land-use; land-sparing; land-sharing; wildlife
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Mukul, S.A.; Saha, N. Conservation Benefits of Tropical Multifunctional Land-Uses in and Around a Forest Protected Area of Bangladesh. Land 2017, 6, 2.

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