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Will Biodiversity Be Conserved in Locally-Managed Forests?

1
Center for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD 4870, Australia
2
Research Center for Climate Change, University of Indonesia, Kota Depok, Java Barat 16424, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew Millington
Received: 16 November 2016 / Revised: 28 December 2016 / Accepted: 9 January 2017 / Published: 13 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity in Locally Managed Lands)
Full-Text   |   PDF [184 KB, uploaded 16 January 2017]

Abstract

Recent decades have seen a rapid movement towards decentralising forest rights and tenure to local communities and indigenous groups in both developing and developed nations. Attribution of local and community rights to forests appears to be gathering increasing momentum in many tropical developing countries. Greater local control of forest resources is a response to the failure of government agencies to exercise adequate stewardship over forests and to ensure that the values of all stakeholders are adequately protected. We reviewed evidence of the impact of decentralised forest management on the biodiversity values of forests and conclude that special measures are needed to protect these values. There are trade-offs between shorter-term local needs for forest lands and products and longer-term global needs for biodiversity and other environmental values. We present evidence of local forest management leading to declining forest integrity with negative impacts on both local forest users and the global environment. We advocate greater attention to measures to ensure protection of biodiversity in locally-managed forests. View Full-Text
Keywords: community forest management; decentralised forest management; forest biodiversity conservation; indigenous forest management community forest management; decentralised forest management; forest biodiversity conservation; indigenous forest management
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Sayer, J.; Margules, C.; Boedhihartono, A.K. Will Biodiversity Be Conserved in Locally-Managed Forests? Land 2017, 6, 6.

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