Next Article in Journal
The Fall and Rise Again of Plantations in Tropical Asia: History Repeated?
Next Article in Special Issue
Landscape Fire, Biodiversity Decline and a Rapidly Changing Milieu: A Microcosm of Global Issues in an Australian Biodiversity Hotspot
Previous Article in Journal
Land Redistribution and Reutilization in the Context of Migration in Rural Nepal
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Land 2014, 3(3), 557-573;

An Initial Assessment of the Economic Value of Coastal and Freshwater Wetlands in West Asia

Landcare Research, Private Bag 92170, Auckland Mail Centre, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
Institute for Biodiversity, Nuβbergerstraβe 6a, D-93059 Regensburg, Germany
Institute for Environmental Studies, De Boelelaan 1087, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Division of Environment, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 March 2014 / Revised: 15 June 2014 / Accepted: 16 June 2014 / Published: 27 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecosystem Function and Land Use Change)
Full-Text   |   PDF [836 KB, uploaded 27 June 2014]   |  


Many countries in West Asia, defined in this study as the Arabic-speaking countries of the Arabian Peninsula plus Turkey and Iran, have enacted environmental conservation laws but regional underlying drivers of environment change, such as rising incomes and fast-growing populations, continue to put pressure on remaining wetlands. This paper aims to inform conservation efforts by presenting the first regional assessment of the economic value of coastal and freshwater wetlands in West Asia. Using scenario analysis we find that, dependent on the discount rate used, the present value of the regional economic loss of not protecting wetlands by 2050 is between US dollar 2.3 billion and US dollar 7.2 billion (expressed in 2007 US dollars). The method used for this assessment, however, is not suitable for expressing national realities adequately. We therefore suggest that detailed localized studies are conducted to improve insight into the drivers and the social and economic effects of wetland loss in West Asia. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic valuation; ecosystem services; mangroves; wetlands; value transfer economic valuation; ecosystem services; mangroves; wetlands; value transfer

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Eppink, F.V.; Brander, L.M.; Wagtendonk, A.J. An Initial Assessment of the Economic Value of Coastal and Freshwater Wetlands in West Asia. Land 2014, 3, 557-573.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Land EISSN 2073-445X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top