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Article

Updating Distribution, Ecology, and Hotspots for Three Amphibian Species to Set Conservation Priorities in a European Glacial Refugium

1
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Science, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci 4/B, Rende, 87036 Cosenza, Italy
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Pollino National Park, 85048 Rotonda, Italy
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Department of Physical Sciences, Earth and Environment, University of Siena, Via P.A. Mattioli 4, 53100 Siena, Italy
4
Department of Life, Health & Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila, Via Vetoio-Coppito, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Albert Montori
Land 2022, 11(8), 1292; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11081292
Received: 15 July 2022 / Revised: 5 August 2022 / Accepted: 10 August 2022 / Published: 11 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Landscape Ecology)
The Calabrian Peninsula (Southern Italy) has acted as a glacial refugium and is now considered a hotspot for the genetic diversity of several species. Even if it hosts the highest diversity of many Italian endemic amphibian species, the distribution of some of these needs an update to address conservation measures. We took advantage of a vast dataset for three Italian species (Bombina pachypus, Salamandrina terdigitata, Triturus carnifex), two of which are endemic, deriving from a 40-year field surveys dataset (1982–2022), to update their distribution and basic ecological requirements. We evaluated changes in their distribution, projecting them on a broader spatial scale through a kernel density estimation, inferring statistically-significant hotspots using Corine Land Cover patches, and assessing the protected areas’ coverage. We confirmed that Pollino, Catena Costiera, Sila and Aspromonte massifs are the main statistically-significant hotspots. Kernel densities showed a diversified pattern of gains/losses, sometimes overlapping, depending on the species. The whole outcomes obtained allow us to pinpoint specific areas where effective conservation measures need to be applied. Ousr findings reveal that local-scale monitoring and management should be planned, especially within the existing nationally-designated protected areas, which have been shown to protect far less with respect to the Natura 2000 sites. View Full-Text
Keywords: amphibian distribution; hotspot analysis; protected areas; conservation; Bombina pachypus; Salamandrina terdigitata; Triturus carnifex; Italian Peninsula; Calabria; Southern Basilicata amphibian distribution; hotspot analysis; protected areas; conservation; Bombina pachypus; Salamandrina terdigitata; Triturus carnifex; Italian Peninsula; Calabria; Southern Basilicata
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bernabò, I.; Cittadino, V.; Tripepi, S.; Marchianò, V.; Piazzini, S.; Biondi, M.; Iannella, M. Updating Distribution, Ecology, and Hotspots for Three Amphibian Species to Set Conservation Priorities in a European Glacial Refugium. Land 2022, 11, 1292. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11081292

AMA Style

Bernabò I, Cittadino V, Tripepi S, Marchianò V, Piazzini S, Biondi M, Iannella M. Updating Distribution, Ecology, and Hotspots for Three Amphibian Species to Set Conservation Priorities in a European Glacial Refugium. Land. 2022; 11(8):1292. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11081292

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bernabò, Ilaria, Viviana Cittadino, Sandro Tripepi, Vittoria Marchianò, Sandro Piazzini, Maurizio Biondi, and Mattia Iannella. 2022. "Updating Distribution, Ecology, and Hotspots for Three Amphibian Species to Set Conservation Priorities in a European Glacial Refugium" Land 11, no. 8: 1292. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11081292

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