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Application of Steel Slag for Degraded Land Remediation

Project Engineering Department, University of Oviedo, 33004 Oviedo, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gergely Tóth, Eva Ivits and Bozena Smreczak
Land 2022, 11(2), 224;
Received: 31 December 2021 / Revised: 30 January 2022 / Accepted: 1 February 2022 / Published: 2 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land Degradation and Sustainable Land Management)
Land degradation, and especially acidification, are global issues that need to be addressed. A common practice to correct this problem is the use of lime or chemical fertilisers that involve the extraction of raw materials. This study proposes a more sustainable alternative using Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) slag. BOF slag is the main waste from the steel industry that is usually accumulated in landfills, which also implies environmental impacts. In this study, a series of laboratory tests have been carried out to analyse the feasibility of using BOF slag for the reclamation of degraded land. For soil acidification, BOF slag will be analysed as a liming agent. On the other hand, the benefits slag can provide as a nutrient source will be tested. As an added value, pre-treated and untreated slag will be compared. The results of these short-time experiments show how BOF slag could be a sustainable alternative as liming agent and amendment. Its use increased the levels of some micro and macronutrients available for plant growth and improved soil quality. It could, therefore, be a sustainable management practice that makes an important contribution to the circular economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: land degradation; steel slag; soil amendment; acidification; liming agent; circular economy; nutrient source land degradation; steel slag; soil amendment; acidification; liming agent; circular economy; nutrient source
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MDPI and ACS Style

Díaz-Piloneta, M.; Ortega-Fernández, F.; Terrados-Cristos, M.; Álvarez-Cabal, J.V. Application of Steel Slag for Degraded Land Remediation. Land 2022, 11, 224.

AMA Style

Díaz-Piloneta M, Ortega-Fernández F, Terrados-Cristos M, Álvarez-Cabal JV. Application of Steel Slag for Degraded Land Remediation. Land. 2022; 11(2):224.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Díaz-Piloneta, Marina, Francisco Ortega-Fernández, Marta Terrados-Cristos, and Jose Valeriano Álvarez-Cabal. 2022. "Application of Steel Slag for Degraded Land Remediation" Land 11, no. 2: 224.

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