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Article

Impacts of Ground Fissures on Soil Properties in an Underground Mining Area on the Loess Plateau, China

1
School of Public Policy and Management, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008, China
2
Engineering Research Center of Ministry of Education for Mine Ecological Restoration, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
3
School of Environment Science and Spatial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008, China
4
School of Management and Economics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2022, 11(2), 162; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11020162
Received: 9 December 2021 / Revised: 14 January 2022 / Accepted: 16 January 2022 / Published: 20 January 2022
Mining-induced ground fissures are the main type of geological disasters found on the Loess Plateau, China, and cause great impacts on the soil properties around ground fissures. However, little research has been conducted on the quantitative relationship between ground fissures and changes in soil properties. To address this, 40 ground fissures in the Yungang mining area, Datong City, Shanxi Province, China, were investigated, and changes in soil properties (soil organic matter, soil moisture, field capacity, bulk density, soil porosity, and grain compositions) were revealed by the difference in soil properties between the edge and contrast points around ground fissures. Redundancy analyses were used to illustrate the relationships between the value (Si_DV) and percentage (Si_DP) of the difference in soil properties between the edge and contrast points, as well as the ground fissures. The characteristics of ground fissures that had a significant correlation according to Pearson correlation analysis with Si_DP were selected and analyzed via multivariate linear fitting model, random forest model, and Back Propagation (BP) neural network model, respectively. Results show that soil organic matter, soil moisture content, bulk density, field capacity, and the content of clay at the edge points were significantly less than those at the contrast points; conversely, soil porosity at the edge points was significantly greater. The average percentage of the difference between the edge points and contrast points of ground fissures in these six properties was 15.27%, while soil moisture content showed the greatest change (20.65%). The Si_DP was significantly correlated with the width, slope, and vegetation coverage of ground fissures; however, the vegetation coverage was the determining factor. BP neural network model had the greatest performance in revealing the relationships between ground fissures and changes in soil properties. The model for soil organic matter had the highest accuracy (R2 = 0.89), and all others were above 0.5. This research provides insights into the quantitative relationship between ground fissures and their impacts on soil physical properties, which can be used in conjunction with remote sensing images to rapidly assess soil erosion risks caused by mining on a large scale, given that soil physical properties are closely related to topsoil stability. View Full-Text
Keywords: ground fissures; soil physical properties; underground mining; Loess Plateau; quantitative relationships ground fissures; soil physical properties; underground mining; Loess Plateau; quantitative relationships
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mi, J.; Yang, Y.; Hou, H.; Zhang, S.; Ding, Z.; Hua, Y. Impacts of Ground Fissures on Soil Properties in an Underground Mining Area on the Loess Plateau, China. Land 2022, 11, 162. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11020162

AMA Style

Mi J, Yang Y, Hou H, Zhang S, Ding Z, Hua Y. Impacts of Ground Fissures on Soil Properties in an Underground Mining Area on the Loess Plateau, China. Land. 2022; 11(2):162. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11020162

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mi, Jiaxin, Yongjun Yang, Huping Hou, Shaoliang Zhang, Zhongyi Ding, and Yifei Hua. 2022. "Impacts of Ground Fissures on Soil Properties in an Underground Mining Area on the Loess Plateau, China" Land 11, no. 2: 162. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11020162

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