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Spatial Scale Mismatches in the EU Agri-Biodiversity Conservation Policy. The Case for a Shift to Landscape-Scale Design

1
The George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel
2
IHEID—Geneva Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland
3
Department of Geography, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 9190501, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Bastian Bertzky, Colleen Corrigan and Susan Snyman
Land 2021, 10(8), 846; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10080846
Received: 16 July 2021 / Revised: 4 August 2021 / Accepted: 11 August 2021 / Published: 13 August 2021
Agriculture is a major driver of the ongoing biodiversity decline, demanding an urgent transition towards a system that reconciles productivity and profitability with nature conservation; however, where public policies promoting such transitions are in place, their design often poorly fits the relevant biogeophysical systems, decreasing the policies’ expected effectiveness. Spatial scale mismatches are a primary example in this regard. The literature reviewed in this paper, drawing from both ecology and policy studies, suggests to foster policy implementation at the landscape scale, where most functional ecological processes—and the delivery of related ecosystem services—occur on farmland. Two strategies are identified for coordinating policy implementation at the landscape scale: the promotion of farmers’ collective action and the partition of space on an ecologically sound basis through spatial planning. As the new European Union Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) post-2023 is currently being defined, we assess if and how the draft agri-biodiversity legislation includes any of the strategies above. We find no comprehensive uptake of the landscape-scale perspective at the EU level, thereby suggesting that a powerful tool to overcome the CAP underperformance on biodiversity is being overlooked. View Full-Text
Keywords: functional agri-biodiversity; ecosystem services; spatial scale mismatch; landscape scale; EU common agricultural policy functional agri-biodiversity; ecosystem services; spatial scale mismatch; landscape scale; EU common agricultural policy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Falco, F.L.; Feitelson, E.; Dayan, T. Spatial Scale Mismatches in the EU Agri-Biodiversity Conservation Policy. The Case for a Shift to Landscape-Scale Design. Land 2021, 10, 846. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10080846

AMA Style

Falco FL, Feitelson E, Dayan T. Spatial Scale Mismatches in the EU Agri-Biodiversity Conservation Policy. The Case for a Shift to Landscape-Scale Design. Land. 2021; 10(8):846. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10080846

Chicago/Turabian Style

Falco, Francesca L., Eran Feitelson, and Tamar Dayan. 2021. "Spatial Scale Mismatches in the EU Agri-Biodiversity Conservation Policy. The Case for a Shift to Landscape-Scale Design" Land 10, no. 8: 846. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10080846

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