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Article

Land Economic Efficiency and Improvement of Environmental Pollution in the Process of Sustainable Urbanization: Case of Eastern China

by 1 and 2,*
1
School of Finance and Accounting, Henan University of Animal Husbandry & Economy, Zhengzhou 450046, China
2
School of Finance and Economics, Jimei University, Xiamen 361023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Maciej J. Nowak, Giancarlo Cotella and Przemysław Śleszyński
Land 2021, 10(8), 845; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10080845
Received: 22 June 2021 / Revised: 10 August 2021 / Accepted: 11 August 2021 / Published: 12 August 2021
Economic development, environmental protection and land resources are important components in sustainable cities. According to the environmental Kuznets curve, developing countries are prone to environmental pollution problems while developing their economies. At the same time, as urbanization progresses, the problem of inadequate land resources and land use efficiency in China is coming to the fore. Although China is a developing country, it began to actively implement environmental protection measures years ago in an effort to transform itself into an innovative country. Therefore, as an economic and policy pioneer region, can eastern China benefit from all three aspects of land–economy–environment at the same time? Or will the increase in land economic efficiency (Land_EcoE) and the improvement of environmental pollution occur simultaneously? With the characteristics of land use efficiency and other concepts, this study combines economic factors and land factors to establish a Land_EcoE evaluation system. On the basis of mapping the spatio-temporal evolution of carbon emissions and Land_EcoE, and discussing the spatio-temporal evolution characteristics and correlation between them initially and visually by means of geographic data visualization, this study uses the data of 84 prefecture-level cities and municipalities directly under the central government in eastern China from 2011 to 2017 to test the research hypotheses from a quantitative perspective. Specifically, this study analyzes the correlation between Land_EcoE and environmental pollution by constructing a panel regression model. The conclusions show that, in general, the increase in Land_EcoE in eastern China is associated with the increase in carbon emissions. For a group of prefecture-level cities with the most developed economies in eastern China, the increase in Land_EcoE is correlated with the decrease in carbon emissions. Based on this research, this study proposes a series of policy implications on how to promote simultaneous economic–land–environmental benefits. View Full-Text
Keywords: land economic efficiency; environmental pollution; carbon emissions; sustainable cities; eastern China land economic efficiency; environmental pollution; carbon emissions; sustainable cities; eastern China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chang, B.; Chen, L. Land Economic Efficiency and Improvement of Environmental Pollution in the Process of Sustainable Urbanization: Case of Eastern China. Land 2021, 10, 845. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10080845

AMA Style

Chang B, Chen L. Land Economic Efficiency and Improvement of Environmental Pollution in the Process of Sustainable Urbanization: Case of Eastern China. Land. 2021; 10(8):845. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10080845

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chang, Binbin, and Lei Chen. 2021. "Land Economic Efficiency and Improvement of Environmental Pollution in the Process of Sustainable Urbanization: Case of Eastern China" Land 10, no. 8: 845. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10080845

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