Next Article in Journal
Does Smart City Construction Improve the Green Utilization Efficiency of Urban Land?
Previous Article in Journal
Exploring Effective Built Environment Factors for Evaluating Pedestrian Volume in High-Density Areas: A New Finding for the Central Business District in Melbourne, Australia
Article

Exploring the Drivers of Sentinel-2-Derived Crop Phenology: The Joint Role of Climate, Soil, and Land Use

1
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment (CREA-AA), 00184 Rome, Italy
2
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Engineering and Agro-Food Processing (CREA-IT), 00015 Monterotondo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Le Yu and Alejandro Rescia
Land 2021, 10(6), 656; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10060656
Received: 6 April 2021 / Revised: 6 June 2021 / Accepted: 14 June 2021 / Published: 20 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Land Systems and Global Change)
The exploration of crop seasonality across a region offers a way to help understand the phenological spatial patterns of complex landscapes, like agricultural ones. Knowing the role of environmental factors in influencing crop phenology patterns and processes is a key aspect for understanding the impact of climate and land use changes on agricultural landscape dynamics. We identified pixels with similar phenological behavior (i.e., pheno-clusters) and compared them to the land cover map of the study area to assess the role of the land management component in controlling the phenological patterns identified. Results demonstrated that soil texture is the most important factor for permanent crops, while large amount of rainfall and high values of available water content are the main drivers in spring cultivations (i.e., irrigated crops). Scarce water availability (in terms of soil texture, low annual precipitation and high minimum temperature) represented the main driving factor for non-irrigated crops, whose phenology is characterized by summer drought and fall-winter productivity. Compared to vegetation maps that use only land cover from a single season or period, using seasonality of the NDVI time series to classify the agricultural landscape provides different and more ecologically relevant information about croplands. View Full-Text
Keywords: agroecosystem; Copernicus Sentinel-2; Mediterranean; multivariate analysis; phenology agroecosystem; Copernicus Sentinel-2; Mediterranean; multivariate analysis; phenology
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bajocco, S.; Vanino, S.; Bascietto, M.; Napoli, R. Exploring the Drivers of Sentinel-2-Derived Crop Phenology: The Joint Role of Climate, Soil, and Land Use. Land 2021, 10, 656. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10060656

AMA Style

Bajocco S, Vanino S, Bascietto M, Napoli R. Exploring the Drivers of Sentinel-2-Derived Crop Phenology: The Joint Role of Climate, Soil, and Land Use. Land. 2021; 10(6):656. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10060656

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bajocco, Sofia, Silvia Vanino, Marco Bascietto, and Rosario Napoli. 2021. "Exploring the Drivers of Sentinel-2-Derived Crop Phenology: The Joint Role of Climate, Soil, and Land Use" Land 10, no. 6: 656. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10060656

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop