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Article

Informed Geoheritage Conservation: Determinant Analysis Based on Bibliometric and Sustainability Indicators Using Ordination Techniques

School of Agriculture and Environment, Volcanic Risk Solutions, Turitea Campus, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
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Academic Editor: Wojciech Zgłobicki
Land 2021, 10(5), 539; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050539
Received: 19 March 2021 / Revised: 10 May 2021 / Accepted: 17 May 2021 / Published: 19 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geoparks as a Form of Tourism Space Management)
Ordination methods are used in ecological multivariate statistics in order to reduce the number of dimensions and arrange individual variables along environmental variables. Geoheritage designation is a new challenge for conservation planning. Quantification of geoheritage to date is used explicitly for site selection, however, it also carries significant potential to be one of the indicators of sustainable development that is delivered through geosystem services. In order to achieve such a dominant position, geoheritage needs to be included in the business as usual model of conservation planning. Questions about the quantification process that have typically been addressed in geoheritage studies can be answered more directly by their relationships to world development indicators. We aim to relate the major informative geoheritage practices to underlying trends of successful geoheritage implementation through statistical analysis of countries with the highest trackable geoheritage interest. Correspondence analysis (CA) was used to obtain information on how certain indicators bundle together. Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) was used to detect sets of factors to determine positive geoheritage conservation outcomes. The analysis resulted in ordination diagrams that visualize correlations among determinant variables translated to links between socio-economic background and geoheritage conservation outcomes. Indicators derived from geoheritage-related academic activity and world development metrics show a shift from significant Earth science output toward disciplines of strong international agreement such as tourism, sustainability and biodiversity. Identifying contributing factors to conservation-related decisions helps experts to tailor their proposals for required evidence-based quantification reports and reinforce the scientific significance of geoheritage. View Full-Text
Keywords: geosystem services; geoheritage conservation; geoheritage determinants; ordination; correspondence analysis geosystem services; geoheritage conservation; geoheritage determinants; ordination; correspondence analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Németh, B.; Németh, K.; Procter, J.N. Informed Geoheritage Conservation: Determinant Analysis Based on Bibliometric and Sustainability Indicators Using Ordination Techniques. Land 2021, 10, 539. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050539

AMA Style

Németh B, Németh K, Procter JN. Informed Geoheritage Conservation: Determinant Analysis Based on Bibliometric and Sustainability Indicators Using Ordination Techniques. Land. 2021; 10(5):539. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050539

Chicago/Turabian Style

Németh, Boglárka, Károly Németh, and Jon N. Procter. 2021. "Informed Geoheritage Conservation: Determinant Analysis Based on Bibliometric and Sustainability Indicators Using Ordination Techniques" Land 10, no. 5: 539. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050539

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