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Assessing the Impact of Urban Expansion on Surrounding Forested Landscape Connectivity across Space and Time

1
Institute of Digital Agriculture, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, China
2
School of Resource and Environmental Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Monika Kopecká
Land 2021, 10(4), 359; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040359
Received: 27 January 2021 / Revised: 6 March 2021 / Accepted: 18 March 2021 / Published: 1 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Landscape Ecology)
Landscape connectivity is important for all organisms as it directly affects population dynamics. Yet, rapid urbanization has caused serious landscape fragmentation, which is the primary contributor of species extinctions worldwide. Previous studies have mostly used spatial snap-shots to evaluate the impact of urban expansion on landscape connectivity. However, the interactions among habitats over time in dynamic landscapes have been largely ignored. Here, we demonstrated that overlooking temporal connectivity can lead to the overestimation of the impact of urban expansion. How much greater the overestimation is depends on the amount of net habitat loss. Moreover, we showed that landscape connectivity may have a delayed response to urban expansion. Our analysis shifts the way to understand the ecological consequences of urban expansion. Our framework can guide sustainable urban development and can be inspiring to conservation practices under other contexts (e.g., climate change). View Full-Text
Keywords: land-use change; fragmentation; urban development strategy; spatio-temporal connectivity land-use change; fragmentation; urban development strategy; spatio-temporal connectivity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ren, Z.; He, J.; Yue, Q. Assessing the Impact of Urban Expansion on Surrounding Forested Landscape Connectivity across Space and Time. Land 2021, 10, 359. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040359

AMA Style

Ren Z, He J, Yue Q. Assessing the Impact of Urban Expansion on Surrounding Forested Landscape Connectivity across Space and Time. Land. 2021; 10(4):359. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040359

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ren, Zhouqiao, Jianhua He, and Qiaobing Yue. 2021. "Assessing the Impact of Urban Expansion on Surrounding Forested Landscape Connectivity across Space and Time" Land 10, no. 4: 359. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040359

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