Next Article in Journal
Urban Development and Sustainable Mobility: A Spatial Analysis in the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area
Previous Article in Journal
Investment in Land Restoration: New Perspectives with Special Reference to Australia
Article

Multi-Temporal Land Surface Temperature and Vegetation Greenness in Urban Green Spaces of Puebla, Mexico

1
Department of Geography and Environmental Sustainability, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
2
Data Institute for Societal Challenges, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2021, 10(2), 155; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020155
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 30 January 2021 / Accepted: 31 January 2021 / Published: 3 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Urban Contexts and Urban-Rural Interactions)
The urban heat island (UHI) effect is a global problem that is likely to grow as a result of urban population expansion. Multiple studies conclude that green spaces and waterbodies can reduce urban heat islands. However, previous studies often treat urban green spaces (UGSs) as static or limit the number of green spaces investigated within a city. Cognizant of these shortcomings, Landsat derived vegetation and land surface temperature (LST) metrics for 80 urban green spaces in Puebla, Mexico, over a 34-year (1986–2019) and a 20-year (2000–2019) period were studied. To create a photo library, 73 of these green spaces were visited and the available land cover types were recorded. Green spaces with Indian laurel were found to be much greener and vegetation index values remained relatively stable compared to green spaces with mixed vegetation cover. Similarly, green spaces with large waterbodies were cooler than those without water. These results show that larger green spaces were significantly cooler (p < 0.01) and that size can explain almost 30% of temperature variability. Furthermore, green spaces with higher vegetation index values were significantly cooler (p < 0.01), and the relationship between greenness and temperature strengthened over time. View Full-Text
Keywords: NDVI; land surface temperature; urban heat islands; urban green spaces (UGSs); change analysis; urbanization; Puebla NDVI; land surface temperature; urban heat islands; urban green spaces (UGSs); change analysis; urbanization; Puebla
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Gomez-Martinez, F.; de Beurs, K.M.; Koch, J.; Widener, J. Multi-Temporal Land Surface Temperature and Vegetation Greenness in Urban Green Spaces of Puebla, Mexico. Land 2021, 10, 155. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020155

AMA Style

Gomez-Martinez F, de Beurs KM, Koch J, Widener J. Multi-Temporal Land Surface Temperature and Vegetation Greenness in Urban Green Spaces of Puebla, Mexico. Land. 2021; 10(2):155. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020155

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gomez-Martinez, Filoteo, Kirsten M. de Beurs, Jennifer Koch, and Jeffrey Widener. 2021. "Multi-Temporal Land Surface Temperature and Vegetation Greenness in Urban Green Spaces of Puebla, Mexico" Land 10, no. 2: 155. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020155

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop