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Review

Soil Protection in Floodplains—A Review

Department of Soil Science and Agroecology, Institute of Geography, University of Osnabrueck, 49074 Osnabrueck, Germany
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Academic Editors: Chiara Piccini and Manuel López-Vicente
Land 2021, 10(2), 149; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020149
Received: 17 December 2020 / Revised: 28 January 2021 / Accepted: 29 January 2021 / Published: 3 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil Management for Sustainability)
Soils in floodplains and riparian zones provide important ecosystem functions and services. These ecosystems belong to the most threatened ecosystems worldwide. Therefore, the management of floodplains has changed from river control to the restoration of rivers and floodplains. However, restoration activities can also negatively impact soils in these areas. Thus, a detailed knowledge of the soils is needed to prevent detrimental soil changes. The aim of this review is therefore to assess the kind and extent of soil information used in research on floodplains and riparian zones. This article is based on a quantitative literature search. Soil information of 100 research articles was collected. Soil properties were divided into physical, chemical, biological, and detailed soil classification. Some kind of soil information like classification is used in 97 articles, but often there is no complete description of the soils and only single parameters are described. Physical soil properties are mentioned in 76 articles, chemical soil properties in 56 articles, biological soil properties in 21 articles, and a detailed soil classification is provided in 32 articles. It is recommended to integrate at least a minimum data set on soil information in all research conducted in floodplains and riparian zones. This minimum data set comprises soil types, coarse fragments, texture and structure of the soil, bulk density, pH, soil organic matter, water content, rooting depth, and calcium carbonate content. Additionally, the nutrient and/or pollution status might be a useful parameter. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil protection; restoration; floodplain; soil bioengineering soil protection; restoration; floodplain; soil bioengineering
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MDPI and ACS Style

El Hourani, M.; Broll, G. Soil Protection in Floodplains—A Review. Land 2021, 10, 149. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020149

AMA Style

El Hourani M, Broll G. Soil Protection in Floodplains—A Review. Land. 2021; 10(2):149. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020149

Chicago/Turabian Style

El Hourani, Mariam, and Gabriele Broll. 2021. "Soil Protection in Floodplains—A Review" Land 10, no. 2: 149. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020149

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