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Article

Mapping Panlongcheng: New Work on the Type-Site of the Early Shang Period (1500–1300 BC) in Hubei Province, China

by 1,2,†, 2,3,*,†, 4, 4, 5 and 2,3
1
Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
2
Archaeological Institute for Yangtze Civilization, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
3
School of History, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
4
Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
5
Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Lei Luo, Lijun Yu, Jianguo Liu, Hui Wang, Hui Fang, Gang Li, Hai Zhang, Jie He, Shaohua Wang, Ruixia Yang, Peng Lu and Zhe Li
Land 2021, 10(10), 1033; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10101033
Received: 4 September 2021 / Revised: 27 September 2021 / Accepted: 30 September 2021 / Published: 1 October 2021
Recent work at the early Shang period type site in Panlongcheng, Hubei Province, China, provides a new understanding of changes in the landscape and water environment over time. In the past few decades, the research at this site has obtained important results and shown progress in many aspects, but few scholars have discussed the geomorphological environment of Panlongcheng, especially the water environment. Researchers have long believed that the present-day environment and landscape of Panlongcheng are no different than during the early Shang period. However, recent archaeological discoveries indicate that there may still be some cultural remains underwater. Therefore, we used a combination of underwater surveys, drilling and digital mapping to expand our knowledge of the landscape of Panlongcheng during the early Shang period. This included mapping the lake basin using single-beam echo sounders and drilling to preliminarily observe the stratum and collect samples from underwater. We also conducted radiocarbon dating on the samples collected from the bottom of the lake. The results suggest that there might not have been a lake during the early Shang period. Therefore, the landscape and environment of Panlongcheng and other related issues should be reexamined. In addition, we hope the methods used in this study can provide a reference for related archaeological work in shallow water areas in inland China. View Full-Text
Keywords: early Shang period; underwater detection; landscape; water environment; GIS; radiocarbon dating early Shang period; underwater detection; landscape; water environment; GIS; radiocarbon dating
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MDPI and ACS Style

Su, X.; Zou, Q.; Yao, S.; Li, C.; Zhu, S.; Zhang, C. Mapping Panlongcheng: New Work on the Type-Site of the Early Shang Period (1500–1300 BC) in Hubei Province, China. Land 2021, 10, 1033. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10101033

AMA Style

Su X, Zou Q, Yao S, Li C, Zhu S, Zhang C. Mapping Panlongcheng: New Work on the Type-Site of the Early Shang Period (1500–1300 BC) in Hubei Province, China. Land. 2021; 10(10):1033. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10101033

Chicago/Turabian Style

Su, Xin, Qiushi Zou, Shuchun Yao, Chunhai Li, Sanyuan Zhu, and Changping Zhang. 2021. "Mapping Panlongcheng: New Work on the Type-Site of the Early Shang Period (1500–1300 BC) in Hubei Province, China" Land 10, no. 10: 1033. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10101033

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