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Article

Evaluation of Soundscapes in Urban Parks in Olsztyn (Poland) for Improvement of Landscape Design and Management

1
Department of Landscape Architecture, University of Warmia and Mazury, Prawochenskiego 17, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Faculty of Architecture and Design, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Namestie slobody 19, 812 45 Bratislava, Slovakia
3
Department of Spatial Management, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Krasnicka 2d, 20-718 Lublin, Poland
4
Department of Water Resources, Climatology and Environmental Management, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Plac Lodzki 2, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2021, 10(1), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010066
Received: 27 November 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 10 January 2021 / Published: 13 January 2021
Soundscape analyses and noise measurements should be a part of pre-design works involved in planning green areas in city centers. The aim of the study was to conduct a multi-criteria analysis of the soundscape of three parks in Olsztyn (Poland) as a part of the landscape planning process to determine the directions of re-design of places most exposed to noise. The research included: 1. functional and spatial analysis of the park surroundings in reference to the city environment, 2. analysis of the acoustic map, 3. measurements of sound pressure levels (SPL) at selected points in two periods (leafless and leafy), 4. analysis of characteristic sounds, 5. interview with park users and preparation of a mental map. The results of research regarding the perception of the soundscape of all three parks by respondents differ slightly from the results of both the acoustic map and SPL measurements. The results also confirm the difference between SPL in the leafless and leafy period. Places most exposed to noise are located at the park boundaries along the main access roads, and at park entrances. Recommendations and sample solutions are proposed, based on two suggested design activities, namely the reduction of undesirable sounds, and introduction of desirable sounds to the parks. View Full-Text
Keywords: soundscape; city parks; noise; landscape design; green infrastructure soundscape; city parks; noise; landscape design; green infrastructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jaszczak, A.; Małkowska, N.; Kristianova, K.; Bernat, S.; Pochodyła, E. Evaluation of Soundscapes in Urban Parks in Olsztyn (Poland) for Improvement of Landscape Design and Management. Land 2021, 10, 66. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010066

AMA Style

Jaszczak A, Małkowska N, Kristianova K, Bernat S, Pochodyła E. Evaluation of Soundscapes in Urban Parks in Olsztyn (Poland) for Improvement of Landscape Design and Management. Land. 2021; 10(1):66. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010066

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jaszczak, Agnieszka, Natalia Małkowska, Katarina Kristianova, Sebastian Bernat, and Ewelina Pochodyła. 2021. "Evaluation of Soundscapes in Urban Parks in Olsztyn (Poland) for Improvement of Landscape Design and Management" Land 10, no. 1: 66. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010066

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