Inactivation Effect of Antibiotic-Resistant Gene Using Chlorine Disinfection
AbstractThe aim of this study was to elucidate the inactivation effects on the antibiotic-resistance gene (vanA) of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) using chlorination, a disinfection method widely used in various water treatment facilities. Suspensions of VRE were prepared by adding VRE to phosphate-buffered saline, or the sterilized secondary effluent of a wastewater treatment plant. The inactivation experiments were carried out at several chlorine concentrations and stirring time. Enterococci concentration and presence of vanA were determined. The enterococci concentration decreased as chlorine concentrations and stirring times increased, with more than 7.0 log reduction occurring under the following conditions: 40 min stirring at 0.5 mg Cl2/L, 20 min stirring at 1.0 mg Cl2/L, and 3 min stirring at 3.0 mg Cl2/L. In the inactivation experiment using VRE suspended in secondary effluent, the culturable enterococci required much higher chlorine concentration and longer treatment time for complete disinfection than the cases of suspension of VRE. However, vanA was detected in all chlorinated suspensions of VRE, even in samples where no enterococcal colonies were present on the medium agar plate. The chlorine disinfection was not able to destroy antibiotic-resistance genes, though it can inactivate and decrease bacterial counts of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB). Therefore, it was suggested that remaining ARB and/or antibiotic-resistance gene in inactivated bacterial cells after chlorine disinfection tank could be discharged into water environments. View Full-Text
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Furukawa, T.; Jikumaru, A.; Ueno, T.; Sei, K. Inactivation Effect of Antibiotic-Resistant Gene Using Chlorine Disinfection. Water 2017, 9, 547.
Furukawa T, Jikumaru A, Ueno T, Sei K. Inactivation Effect of Antibiotic-Resistant Gene Using Chlorine Disinfection. Water. 2017; 9(7):547.Chicago/Turabian Style
Furukawa, Takashi; Jikumaru, Atsushi; Ueno, Takahisa; Sei, Kazunari. 2017. "Inactivation Effect of Antibiotic-Resistant Gene Using Chlorine Disinfection." Water 9, no. 7: 547.
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