Next Article in Journal
Spatiotemporal Distribution of Droughts in the Xijiang River Basin, China and Its Responses to Global Climatic Events
Next Article in Special Issue
The Impact of Integrated Aquifer Storage and Recovery and Brackish Water Reverse Osmosis (ASRRO) on a Coastal Groundwater System
Previous Article in Journal
Assessment of Flood Frequency Alteration by Dam Construction via SWAT Simulation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Adsorptive Removal of Carbamazepine and Diatrizoate in Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Amended Sand Column Mimicing Managed Aquifer Recharge
Article

Evaluation of Clogging during Sand-Filtered Surface Water Injection for Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR): Pilot Experiment in the Llobregat Delta (Barcelona, Spain)

1
Cetaqua, Water Technology Center, Carretera d’Esplugues 75, Cornellà de Llobregat, 08940 Barcelona, Spain
2
Aigües de Barcelona, Empresa Metropolitana de Gestió del Cicle Integral de l’Aigua, S.A., General Batet, 1-7, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Niels Hartog and Pieter J. Stuyfzand
Water 2017, 9(4), 263; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9040263
Received: 23 November 2016 / Revised: 28 March 2017 / Accepted: 3 April 2017 / Published: 8 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality Considerations for Managed Aquifer Recharge Systems)
The aquifer storage and recovery system of Sant Joan Despí (SJD) in the Llobregat Basin (Barcelona, Spain) has been injecting potable water since its construction in 1969. In order to increase the environmental and economic sustainability of the process, the substitution of potable water by sand-filtered surface water (SFSW) has been considered. This study aims at assessing the clogging potential of SFSW by reproducing the aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) system in a column-type pilot system. Developed clogging of a metallic screen simulating a well screen in the ASR was observed by direct visualization and by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and was measured by the pilot column head loss and by the analysis of extracellular polymeric substances formed. The results show that although there is a detectable clogging formation, the experiment could run with no flow limitation, suggesting that SFSW could be a feasible candidate water for aquifer injection in a real well demonstration phase. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquifer storage and recovery; Llobregat aquifer; clogging; column experiment aquifer storage and recovery; Llobregat aquifer; clogging; column experiment
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Camprovin, P.; Hernández, M.; Fernández, S.; Martín-Alonso, J.; Galofré, B.; Mesa, J. Evaluation of Clogging during Sand-Filtered Surface Water Injection for Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR): Pilot Experiment in the Llobregat Delta (Barcelona, Spain). Water 2017, 9, 263. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9040263

AMA Style

Camprovin P, Hernández M, Fernández S, Martín-Alonso J, Galofré B, Mesa J. Evaluation of Clogging during Sand-Filtered Surface Water Injection for Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR): Pilot Experiment in the Llobregat Delta (Barcelona, Spain). Water. 2017; 9(4):263. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9040263

Chicago/Turabian Style

Camprovin, Pere, Marta Hernández, Sonia Fernández, Jordi Martín-Alonso, Belén Galofré, and José Mesa. 2017. "Evaluation of Clogging during Sand-Filtered Surface Water Injection for Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR): Pilot Experiment in the Llobregat Delta (Barcelona, Spain)" Water 9, no. 4: 263. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9040263

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop