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Water Gender Indicators in Agriculture: A Study of Horticultural Farmer Organizations in Senegal

Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences (DISAFA), University of Turin, Largo Paolo Braccini, 10095 Grugliasco, Italy
Interdepartmental Research Center for Women’s and Gender Studies (CIRSDe), University of Turin, 10153 Torino, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2017, 9(12), 972;
Received: 10 August 2017 / Revised: 9 November 2017 / Accepted: 6 December 2017 / Published: 13 December 2017
PDF [800 KB, uploaded 13 December 2017]


This paper intends to contribute to the debate on gender equality and water within the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs 5 and 6. Farmers organizations are often considered key stakeholders whose participation should be fostered to achieve a good water governance in agriculture and irrigation programs. Nonetheless, many water management interventions tackle participation as an instrumental and formal process. A common assumption is that granting sufficient space for women in water management will automatically ensure a greater gender empowerment. Nevertheless, often low importance is given to assessing who really actively participates and benefits from water development projects, favoring the technical aspects. This paper addresses the articulation between gender, water management and indicators, using male, female and mixed farmer organizations as touchstones in three regions of Senegal. The authors defines a system of water gender indicators grouped into five sections. The first results show more similarities between mixed and female organizations, while the main gender inequalities are visible in the water technique and economic domains. Thanks to this study, we can see how a gender-based analysis may allow to more deeply understand some more or less “hidden” water governance mechanisms and their related implications in terms of project management and policy making. View Full-Text
Keywords: SDGs; gender indicators; water management; irrigation; sustainability; participation SDGs; gender indicators; water management; irrigation; sustainability; participation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Centrone, F.A.; Mosso, A.; Busato, P.; Calvo, A. Water Gender Indicators in Agriculture: A Study of Horticultural Farmer Organizations in Senegal. Water 2017, 9, 972.

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