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Open AccessArticle

Deep Tunnel for Regulating Combined Sewer Overflow Pollution and Flood Disaster: A Case Study in Guangzhou City, China

1
School of Civil Engineering and Transportation, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Building Science, School of Civil Engineering and Transportation, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
3
Guangzhou City Water Science Research Institute, Guangzhou 510220, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Y. Jun Xu
Water 2016, 8(8), 329; https://doi.org/10.3390/w8080329
Received: 2 June 2016 / Revised: 29 July 2016 / Accepted: 29 July 2016 / Published: 5 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tackling Complex Water Problems in China under Changing Environment)
The DongHaoChong (DHC) basin is located in the central city zone of Guangzhou City, China. Owing to the high density of buildings and low quality of the drainage pipe network in the city, diversion of rain and sewage is difficult. Waterlogging occurs frequently and combined sewer overflow (CSO) pollution is a serious problem during the rainy season. Therefore, a deep tunnel for the DongHaoChong basin has been planned and its construction is currently underway. An urban rainstorm model for the DongHaoChong basin was developed on the basis of the Storm Water Management Model (SWMM), and both the interception effect of CSO pollution and the degree of mitigation of flood were analyzed. Reasonable scenarios for the deep tunnel in terms of rainstorms with different design recurrence periods were evaluated. From the viewpoints of preventing rainstorm waterlogging disasters and protecting water quality in the region downstream of DongHaoChong River, the river flood control and drainage capacities of the region were improved to a 2-year rainstorm design recurrence period by the construction of the deep tunnel. Furthermore, the main pollutant load of the CSO is expected to be reduced by about 30%–40%. View Full-Text
Keywords: combined sewer overflow pollution; deep tunnel engineering; DongHaoChong basin; flood disaster; SWMM model combined sewer overflow pollution; deep tunnel engineering; DongHaoChong basin; flood disaster; SWMM model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, H.; Huang, G.; Meng, Q.; Zhang, M.; Li, L. Deep Tunnel for Regulating Combined Sewer Overflow Pollution and Flood Disaster: A Case Study in Guangzhou City, China. Water 2016, 8, 329.

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