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Sea Level Rise Impact on Compound Coastal River Flood Risk in Klaipėda City (Baltic Coast, Lithuania)

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Marine Research Institute, Klaipėda University, LT-92294 Klaipėda, Lithuania
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Department of Business Adminsitration, Klaipėda State University of Applied Sciences, LT-91274 Klaipėda, Lithuania
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Hnit Baltic, LT-03127 Vilnius, Lithuania
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Institute of Geoscience, Vilnius University, LT-03101 Vilnius, Lithuania
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Health Research and Innovation Science Center, Klaipėda University, LT-92294 Klaipėda, Lithuania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Stefano Morelli, Veronica Pazzi and Mirko Francioni
Water 2022, 14(3), 414; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14030414
Received: 9 December 2021 / Revised: 15 January 2022 / Accepted: 26 January 2022 / Published: 29 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Topic Natural Hazards and Disaster Risks Reduction)
Due to climate change, extreme floods are projected to increase in the 21st century in Europe. As a result, flood risk and flood-related losses might increase. It is therefore essential to simulate potential floods not only relying on historical but also future projecting data. Such simulations can provide necessary information for the development of flood protection measures and spatial planning. This paper analyzes the risk of compound flooding in the Danė River under different river discharge and Klaipėda Strait water level probabilities. Additionally, we examine how a water level rise of 1 m in the Klaipėda Strait could impact Danė River floods in Klaipėda city. Flood extent was estimated with the Hydrologic Engineering Center’s River Analysis System (HEC-RAS) and visualized with ArcGIS Pro. Research results show that a rise in the water level in the Klaipėda Strait has a greater impact on the central part of Klaipėda city, while that of the maximum discharge rates of the river affected the northern upstream part of the analyzed river section. A sea level rise of 1 m could lead to an increase in areas affected by Danė floods by up to three times. Floods can cause significant damage to the infrastructure of Klaipėda port city, urbanized territories in the city center, and residential areas in the northern part of the city. Our results confirm that, in the long run, sea level rise will significantly impact the urban areas of the Klaipėda city situated near the Baltic Sea coast. View Full-Text
Keywords: Baltic Sea level rise; compound flood; flood risk; climate change Baltic Sea level rise; compound flood; flood risk; climate change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Čepienė, E.; Dailidytė, L.; Stonevičius, E.; Dailidienė, I. Sea Level Rise Impact on Compound Coastal River Flood Risk in Klaipėda City (Baltic Coast, Lithuania). Water 2022, 14, 414. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14030414

AMA Style

Čepienė E, Dailidytė L, Stonevičius E, Dailidienė I. Sea Level Rise Impact on Compound Coastal River Flood Risk in Klaipėda City (Baltic Coast, Lithuania). Water. 2022; 14(3):414. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14030414

Chicago/Turabian Style

Čepienė, Erika, Lina Dailidytė, Edvinas Stonevičius, and Inga Dailidienė. 2022. "Sea Level Rise Impact on Compound Coastal River Flood Risk in Klaipėda City (Baltic Coast, Lithuania)" Water 14, no. 3: 414. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14030414

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