Fungicides are frequently detected in the water bodies, however, the adverse effects of these fungicides on aquatic lives remain limited. To better understand the adverse effects of amisulbrom (AML) and isoflucypram (ISO) on embryogenesis, zebrafish embryos were exposed to two different fungicides, 0.75 μM amisulbrom (AML) and 2.5 μM isoflucypram (ISO), for 72 h. Transcriptome sequencing was employed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) after AML and ISO exposure. A total of 571 and 3471 DEGs were detected between the libraries of the two fungicides-treated groups and the control, respectively. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis showed that PPAR signaling pathway, phototransduction, ribosome and p53 signaling pathway were significantly enriched in response to both AML and ISO stress. Moreover, a number of DEGs involved in tyrosine metabolism, phagosome pathway, cell cycle pathway, extracellular matrix (ECM) receptor interaction pathway, and arginine and proline metabolism were specially enriched after exposure to AML; a number of DEGs involved in notch signaling pathway, drug metabolism, alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, amino-acyl−tRNA biosynthesis, and protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum were significantly enriched after exposure to ISO. These results provide novel insights into the toxicological mechanisms underlying fish’s responses to fungicides.
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