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Article

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the SED-BIO System in Reducing the Inflow of Selected Physical, Chemical and Biological Pollutants to a Lake

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Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Mechanical Engineering, Poznań University of Life Sciences, 60-649 Poznań, Poland
2
UNESCO Chair on Ecohydrology and Applied Ecology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, 90-237 Łódź, Poland
3
European Regional Centre for Ecohydrology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, 90-364 Łódź, Poland
4
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Geodesy, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 50-363 Wrocław, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lu Zhang
Water 2022, 14(2), 239; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020239
Received: 30 November 2021 / Revised: 5 January 2022 / Accepted: 11 January 2022 / Published: 14 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stormwater Management in Urban and Rural Areas)
The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency of the innovative SED-BIO system in limiting the inflow of pollutants to Jelonek Lake. The analyses were conducted in the Gniezno Lake District in Greater Poland (the western part of Poland). Physical and chemical analyses were conducted in the years 2016–2019. The results demonstrate that the system is highly effective in the reduction of such nutrients as nitrogen (NO3—63%; NH4+—14.9%) and phosphorus (PO43−—19.3%). Although the presence of cyanobacteria was confirmed practically throughout the whole monitoring period of the system (2016), the specimens found in most samples were not toxigenic genotypes with a potential to produce microcystins. Microcystins (3 µg·L−1) were detected only once, immediately after the SED-BIO system had been installed in the river and pond, which demonstrates that this natural toxin was eliminated from the additional pool of contaminants that might be transported to Jelonek Lake. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofiltration system; water reclamation; point sources of pollution; nutrients; toxic cyanobacteria; sanitary conditions; denitrification; phosphate binding; eutrophication; surface water quality biofiltration system; water reclamation; point sources of pollution; nutrients; toxic cyanobacteria; sanitary conditions; denitrification; phosphate binding; eutrophication; surface water quality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kupiec, J.M.; Bednarek, A.; Szklarek, S.; Mankiewicz-Boczek, J.; Serwecińska, L.; Dąbrowska, J. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the SED-BIO System in Reducing the Inflow of Selected Physical, Chemical and Biological Pollutants to a Lake. Water 2022, 14, 239. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020239

AMA Style

Kupiec JM, Bednarek A, Szklarek S, Mankiewicz-Boczek J, Serwecińska L, Dąbrowska J. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the SED-BIO System in Reducing the Inflow of Selected Physical, Chemical and Biological Pollutants to a Lake. Water. 2022; 14(2):239. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020239

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kupiec, Jerzy M., Agnieszka Bednarek, Sebastian Szklarek, Joanna Mankiewicz-Boczek, Liliana Serwecińska, and Jolanta Dąbrowska. 2022. "Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the SED-BIO System in Reducing the Inflow of Selected Physical, Chemical and Biological Pollutants to a Lake" Water 14, no. 2: 239. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14020239

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