Heterogeneous photo–Fenton reactions have been regarded as important technologies for the treatment of textile dyeing wastewaters. In this work, an efficient core-shell magnetic anion exchange resin (MAER) was prepared through in situ polymerization and used to remove reactive brilliant red (X-3B) in a UV–Fenton system. The MAER exhibited satisfactory removal efficiency for X-3B because of its highly effective catalytic activity. More than 99% of the X-3B (50 mg/L) was removed within 20 min in the UV–Fenton reaction. This is because the uniformly dispersed core-shell magnetic microsphere resin could suppress the aggregation of Fe3
nanoparticles and, thus, enhance the exposure of Fe reaction sites for catalytic reaction with H2
. The good adsorption capacity of MAER also played an important role in promoting contact between X-3B and reactive radicals during the reaction. Mechanism research showed that hydroxyl radical (•
OH) was the main reactive radicals for the removal of X-3B in the MAER UV–Fenton system. The MAER can be easily separated by a magnet after catalytic reactions. Moreover, the matrix effects of different substrates (Cl−
, and humic acid) were investigated. The results showed that SO42−
could be beneficial to improve the removal of X-3B but that the others decrease the removal. The MAER UV–Fenton also removed significant amounts of total organic carbon (TOC) for the X-3B solution and an actual textile dyeing industrial wastewater. The heterogeneous oxidation system established in this work may suggest prospects for practical applications in the treatment of textile dyeing wastewater.
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