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Long-Term Analysis of Precipitation in Slovakia

Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Košice, 04200 Košice, Slovakia
Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India
Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, Branch Office Košice, 04117 Košice, Slovakia
Institute of Geodesy, Cartography and Geographical Information Systems, Faculty of Mining, Ecology, Process Control and Geotechnologies, Technical University of Košice, 04200 Košice, Slovakia
Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Sebha University, Tripoli 18758, Libya
Department of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Košice, 04200 Košice, Slovakia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Momcilo Markus
Water 2021, 13(7), 952;
Received: 17 February 2021 / Revised: 23 March 2021 / Accepted: 29 March 2021 / Published: 31 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment and Management of Flood Risk in Urban Areas)
Precipitation and its development over time is an important indicator of climate change. Research on long-term precipitation totals is absent in the Slovak Republic. This paper deals with the statistical analysis of daily precipitation from 48 precipitation stations in Slovakia. The paper evaluates the spatial distribution of precipitation in Slovakia and also presents analyses of stationarity and trends using the Mann-Kendall test. Emphasis is placed especially on the evaluation of the trends in total annual precipitation, maximum daily precipitation and also the number of days without precipitation in the year. By evaluating the trends in these three indicators, it is possible to assess the impact of potential change in the temporal and spatial distribution of precipitation on hydrological drought and floods. The results show that there are currently no significant changes in precipitation in Slovakia. The problem of floods and hydrological drought seems to be more complex and is mainly due to surface water drainage from the landscape and the change in its use in connection with the increase in the average annual temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: precipitation; long-term analysis; trend analysis; Mann-Kendall trend test precipitation; long-term analysis; trend analysis; Mann-Kendall trend test
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MDPI and ACS Style

Repel, A.; Zeleňáková, M.; Jothiprakash, V.; Hlavatá, H.; Blišťan, P.; Gargar, I.; Purcz, P. Long-Term Analysis of Precipitation in Slovakia. Water 2021, 13, 952.

AMA Style

Repel A, Zeleňáková M, Jothiprakash V, Hlavatá H, Blišťan P, Gargar I, Purcz P. Long-Term Analysis of Precipitation in Slovakia. Water. 2021; 13(7):952.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Repel, Adam, Martina Zeleňáková, Vinayakam Jothiprakash, Helena Hlavatá, Peter Blišťan, Ibrahim Gargar, and Pavol Purcz. 2021. "Long-Term Analysis of Precipitation in Slovakia" Water 13, no. 7: 952.

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