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Modeling Transport and Adsorption of Arsenic Ions in Iron-Oxide Laden Porous Media. Part I: Theoretical Developments

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53211, USA
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Academic Editors: T. Staffan Lundström and Anna-Lena Ljung
Water 2021, 13(6), 779; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060779
Received: 4 February 2021 / Revised: 7 March 2021 / Accepted: 8 March 2021 / Published: 13 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industrial and Environmental Fluid Mechanics)
The process of transport and trapping of arsenic ions in porous water filters is treated as a classic mass transport problem which, at the pore scale, is modeled using the traditional convection-diffusion equation, representing the migration of species present in very small (tracer) amounts in water. The upscaling, conducted using the volume averaging method, reveals the presence of two possible forms of the macroscopic equations for predicting arsenic concentrations in the filters. One is the classic convection-dispersion equation with the total dispersion tensor as its main transport coefficient, and which is obtained from a closure formulation similar to that of the passive diffusion problem. The other equation form includes an additional transport coefficient, hitherto ignored in the literature and identified here as the adsorption-induced vector. These two coefficients in the latter form are determined from a system of two closure problems that include the effects of both the passive diffusion as well as the adsorption of arsenic by the solid phase of the filter. This theoretical effort represents the first serious effort to introduce a detailed micro–macro coupling while modeling the transport of arsenic species in water filters representing homogeneous porous media. View Full-Text
Keywords: volume averaging; closure formulation; porous media; adsorption; arsenic filtration volume averaging; closure formulation; porous media; adsorption; arsenic filtration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pillai, K.; Raizada, A. Modeling Transport and Adsorption of Arsenic Ions in Iron-Oxide Laden Porous Media. Part I: Theoretical Developments. Water 2021, 13, 779. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060779

AMA Style

Pillai K, Raizada A. Modeling Transport and Adsorption of Arsenic Ions in Iron-Oxide Laden Porous Media. Part I: Theoretical Developments. Water. 2021; 13(6):779. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060779

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pillai, Krishna; Raizada, Aman. 2021. "Modeling Transport and Adsorption of Arsenic Ions in Iron-Oxide Laden Porous Media. Part I: Theoretical Developments" Water 13, no. 6: 779. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060779

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