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Article

Evaluation and Scenario Prediction of the Water-Energy-Food System Security in the Yangtze River Economic Belt Based on the RF-Haken Model

by 1,2,* and 1
1
College of Economics and Management, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
2
Academy of Chinese Ecological Progress and Forestry Development Studies, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pietro E. Campana
Water 2021, 13(5), 695; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050695
Received: 1 February 2021 / Revised: 27 February 2021 / Accepted: 28 February 2021 / Published: 4 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Sustainable Development)
As an important agricultural production area in China, the Yangtze River Economic Belt has a large amount of water resources and rich types of energy. Water and energy resources are the supporting basis of food production, and the production and use of energy also need to consume a large amount of water resources. The three affect each other and are interdependent. Paying attention to the synergistic security of water-energy-food system in the Yangtze River Economic Belt is important for regional economic development. This paper uses the pressure-state-response (PSR) model and selects 27 indicators to build an evaluation index system of the regional water-energy-food system. We use the random forest model to evaluate the security level of the Yangtze River Economic Belt from 2008 to 2017, and the Haken model is employed to identify the driving factors that dominate the synergistic evolution of the system. Then we take the identified factors as the key control variables under each scenario and launch a scenario simulation of some provinces in the Yangtze River Economic Belt in 2025. The results show that due to the improvement of water and energy utilization efficiency and the advancement of agricultural production technology, the level of water-energy-food security in the Yangtze River Economic Belt improved significantly from 2008 to 2017. Each province performs differently in different subsystems, with water resources security being better in the upper reaches and Zhejiang and Shanghai in the lower reaches, and food security being better in the middle and lower reaches. The level of energy security is high in Sichuan, Yunnan, and Guizhou in the upper reaches and Shanghai and Anhui in the lower reaches. According to the results of scenario prediction for Jiangsu Province and Hubei Province in 2025, implementing moderate management in accordance with current management objectives can increase the overall security of the system to level 4. The two provinces should focus on controlling water resources and energy consumption and improving the utilization efficiency of water and energy in agricultural production. View Full-Text
Keywords: Yangtze River Economic Belt; water-energy-food; security evaluation; scenario prediction; random forest-Haken model (RF-Haken) Yangtze River Economic Belt; water-energy-food; security evaluation; scenario prediction; random forest-Haken model (RF-Haken)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, Y.; Xu, L. Evaluation and Scenario Prediction of the Water-Energy-Food System Security in the Yangtze River Economic Belt Based on the RF-Haken Model. Water 2021, 13, 695. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050695

AMA Style

Chen Y, Xu L. Evaluation and Scenario Prediction of the Water-Energy-Food System Security in the Yangtze River Economic Belt Based on the RF-Haken Model. Water. 2021; 13(5):695. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050695

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Yan; Xu, Lifan. 2021. "Evaluation and Scenario Prediction of the Water-Energy-Food System Security in the Yangtze River Economic Belt Based on the RF-Haken Model" Water 13, no. 5: 695. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050695

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