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Open AccessArticle

Groundwater Monitoring Systems to Understand Sea Water Intrusion Dynamics in the Mediterranean: The Neretva Valley and the Southern Venice Coastal Aquifers Case Studies

1
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Geodesy, University of Split, Matice hrvatske 15, 21000 Split, Croatia
2
Institute of Marine Sciences, National Research Council, Arsenale Tesa 104, Castello 2737/F, 30122 Venice, Italy
3
Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, National Research Council, Via G. Gradenigo 6, 30131 Padova, Italy
4
Hrvatske Vode—Legal Entity for Water Management, Ulica Grada Vukovara 220, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frédéric Huneau
Water 2021, 13(4), 561; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040561
Received: 23 January 2021 / Revised: 17 February 2021 / Accepted: 18 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
Sea water intrusion (SWI) has been widely recognized as a global problem, significantly influencing coastal aquifers, mostly through reduced water quality and agricultural production indicators. In this paper, we present the outcomes of the implementation of two independent real-time monitoring systems, planned and installed to get insights on groundwater dynamics within the adjacent coastal aquifer systems, one located in the Neretva Valley, southeastern Croatia, the other located south of the Venice lagoon, northeastern Italy. Both systems are presented with technical details and the capacity to observe, store, and transmit (Neretva site) observed values in real-time. Analysis of time series reveals the significant influence of the sea level oscillations onto the observed groundwater electrical conductivity (EC) and piezometric head values, while precipitation rate is detected as a driving mechanism for groundwater parameters in shallow geological units. The installed monitoring systems are shown to be of great importance to provide qualitative and quantitative information on the processes influencing groundwater and surface water dynamics within two coastal systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: sea water intrusion; monitoring system; time series analysis; coastal aquifers; electrical conductivity; groundwater temperature sea water intrusion; monitoring system; time series analysis; coastal aquifers; electrical conductivity; groundwater temperature
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lovrinović, I.; Bergamasco, A.; Srzić, V.; Cavallina, C.; Holjević, D.; Donnici, S.; Erceg, J.; Zaggia, L.; Tosi, L. Groundwater Monitoring Systems to Understand Sea Water Intrusion Dynamics in the Mediterranean: The Neretva Valley and the Southern Venice Coastal Aquifers Case Studies. Water 2021, 13, 561. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040561

AMA Style

Lovrinović I, Bergamasco A, Srzić V, Cavallina C, Holjević D, Donnici S, Erceg J, Zaggia L, Tosi L. Groundwater Monitoring Systems to Understand Sea Water Intrusion Dynamics in the Mediterranean: The Neretva Valley and the Southern Venice Coastal Aquifers Case Studies. Water. 2021; 13(4):561. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040561

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lovrinović, Ivan; Bergamasco, Alessandro; Srzić, Veljko; Cavallina, Chiara; Holjević, Danko; Donnici, Sandra; Erceg, Joško; Zaggia, Luca; Tosi, Luigi. 2021. "Groundwater Monitoring Systems to Understand Sea Water Intrusion Dynamics in the Mediterranean: The Neretva Valley and the Southern Venice Coastal Aquifers Case Studies" Water 13, no. 4: 561. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040561

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