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Article

Ecotrophic Effects of Fishing across the Mediterranean Sea

1
Laboratory of Ichthyology, School of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece
2
Laboratory of Ecological Engineering & Technology, Department of Environmental Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, 671 00 Xanthi, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Department of Fisheries, Animal and Veterinary Sciences, College of the Environment and Life Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA.
Academic Editor: Angel Perez-Ruzafa
Water 2021, 13(4), 482; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040482
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 30 January 2021 / Accepted: 8 February 2021 / Published: 12 February 2021
The status of the Mediterranean Sea fisheries was evaluated across the seven subdivisions of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM), using ecotrophic and catch-based indicators for the period 1970–2017. All indicators confirmed that the fishery resources across the Mediterranean Sea are no longer sustainably exploited and that the structure and function of marine ecosystems has been altered as a result of overexploitation. Although declining catches were a common feature across the Mediterranean Sea, the pattern of exploitation and the state of stocks differed among the subdivisions, with the Levantine Sea and Sardinia having a better status. Although they only include the exploited biological resources of marine ecosystems, catch and ecotrophic indicators can provide insight on ecosystem status and fishing pressure. In the case of southern Mediterranean countries, catch and trophic levels are the only information available, which is extremely valuable in data-poor ecosystems. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem indicators; ecosystem overfishing; fisheries management; trophic level; marine ecosystems ecosystem indicators; ecosystem overfishing; fisheries management; trophic level; marine ecosystems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dimarchopoulou, D.; Keramidas, I.; Sylaios, G.; Tsikliras, A.C. Ecotrophic Effects of Fishing across the Mediterranean Sea. Water 2021, 13, 482. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040482

AMA Style

Dimarchopoulou D, Keramidas I, Sylaios G, Tsikliras AC. Ecotrophic Effects of Fishing across the Mediterranean Sea. Water. 2021; 13(4):482. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040482

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dimarchopoulou, Donna, Ioannis Keramidas, Georgios Sylaios, and Athanassios C. Tsikliras 2021. "Ecotrophic Effects of Fishing across the Mediterranean Sea" Water 13, no. 4: 482. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040482

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