Next Article in Journal
Constitutionalising the Right to Water in Kenya and Slovenia: Domestic Drivers, Opportunity Structures, and Transnational Norm Entrepreneurs
Next Article in Special Issue
An Insight into the Factors Controlling Delta Flood Events: The Case of the Evros River Deltaic Plain (NE Aegean Sea)
Previous Article in Journal
Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization of Neural Networks for Water Supply Pipe Condition Prediction
Previous Article in Special Issue
Late Holocene Hydro-Climate Variability in the Eastern Mediterranean: A Spatial Multi-Proxy Approach
Article

Assessing the first MSFD Implementation Cycle in Greece under Biodiversity and Contaminants Descriptors

Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15784 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alessandro Bergamasco
Water 2021, 13(24), 3547; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243547
Received: 11 November 2021 / Revised: 5 December 2021 / Accepted: 8 December 2021 / Published: 11 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coastal and Continental Shelf Dynamics in a Changing Climate)
The present work constitutes an assessment of the first implementation cycle of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive 2008/56/EC in Greece by focusing on biodiversity and contaminants, i.e., Descriptors 1 (biodiversity), 4 (food webs), 6 (seafloor integrity), 8 (contaminants), and 9 (contaminants in seafood), and by following the directive’s requirements regarding Articles 8—Initial Assessment, 9—Definition of Good Environmental Status, 10—Establishment of Environmental Targets, 11—Monitoring Programmes, and 13—Programmes of Measures. In this study, the analysis that was conducted investigated the integration of the Com Dec 2010/477/EU criteria and the indicators that have been applied for each descriptor and the approaches and standards that have been used in order to determine the adequacy of the directive’s implementation towards the achievement of GES, the consistency of Articles 8, 9, 10, 11, and 13, and the integration of existing EU legislation and regional/ international agreements or policies as well as the level of coherence among EU Mediterranean MSs. Overall, Greece addressed the requirements of Articles 8, 9, and 10 rather inadequately for D1, D4, D6 and partially adequately for D8, D9, integrating existing legislation to a certain extent. The implementation of Article 11 was satisfactory for all of the descriptors regarding monitoring the needs and the progress towards GES, whereas the measures that were established under Article 13 need to be improved in the forthcoming update. View Full-Text
Keywords: Marine Strategy; EU legislation; policy integration; Barcelona Convention; Mediterranean; GES Marine Strategy; EU legislation; policy integration; Barcelona Convention; Mediterranean; GES
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Paramana, T.; Katsouras, G.; Dassenakis, M. Assessing the first MSFD Implementation Cycle in Greece under Biodiversity and Contaminants Descriptors. Water 2021, 13, 3547. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243547

AMA Style

Paramana T, Katsouras G, Dassenakis M. Assessing the first MSFD Implementation Cycle in Greece under Biodiversity and Contaminants Descriptors. Water. 2021; 13(24):3547. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243547

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paramana, Theodora, George Katsouras, and Manos Dassenakis. 2021. "Assessing the first MSFD Implementation Cycle in Greece under Biodiversity and Contaminants Descriptors" Water 13, no. 24: 3547. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243547

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop