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Review

Membrane Distillation for Wastewater Treatment: A Mini Review

1
College of Civil Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
2
Zijin Internationl Holdings Co., Ltd., Sanya 572000, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, School of Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andreas N. Angelakis
Water 2021, 13(24), 3480; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243480
Received: 7 October 2021 / Revised: 25 November 2021 / Accepted: 29 November 2021 / Published: 7 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Treatment of Sewage with Membrane)
Water serves as an indispensable part of human life and production. On account of the overexploitation of traditional water sources, the demand for wastewater recycling is expanding rapidly. As a promising water treatment process, membrane distillation (MD) has been utilized in various wastewater treatments, such as desalination brine, textile wastewater, radioactive wastewater, and oily wastewater. This review summarized the investigation work applying MD in wastewater treatment, and the performance was comprehensively introduced. Moreover, the obstructions of industrialization, such as membrane fouling, membrane wetting, and high energy consumption, were discussed with the practical investigation. To cope with these problems, various strategies have been adopted to enhance MD performance, including coupling membrane processes and developing membranes with specific surface characteristics. In addition, the significance of nutrient recovery and waste heat utilization was indicated. View Full-Text
Keywords: membrane distillation; wastewater treatment; membrane fouling; membrane wetting; nutrient recovery; waste heat membrane distillation; wastewater treatment; membrane fouling; membrane wetting; nutrient recovery; waste heat
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yan, Z.; Jiang, Y.; Liu, L.; Li, Z.; Chen, X.; Xia, M.; Fan, G.; Ding, A. Membrane Distillation for Wastewater Treatment: A Mini Review. Water 2021, 13, 3480. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243480

AMA Style

Yan Z, Jiang Y, Liu L, Li Z, Chen X, Xia M, Fan G, Ding A. Membrane Distillation for Wastewater Treatment: A Mini Review. Water. 2021; 13(24):3480. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243480

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yan, Zhongsen, Yuling Jiang, Lingshan Liu, Zhongsheng Li, Xiaolei Chen, Mingqian Xia, Gongduan Fan, and An Ding. 2021. "Membrane Distillation for Wastewater Treatment: A Mini Review" Water 13, no. 24: 3480. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243480

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