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Article

Recovery of Alkaline Earth Metals from Desalination Brine for Carbon Capture and Sodium Removal

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Department of Resources Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, Daxue Rd., East Dist., Tainan City 70101, Taiwan
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Tainan Hydraulics Laboratory, National Cheng Kung University, No. 500, Sec. 3, Anming Rd., Annan Dist., Tainan City 709015, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas M. Missimer
Water 2021, 13(23), 3463; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233463
Received: 5 November 2021 / Revised: 3 December 2021 / Accepted: 3 December 2021 / Published: 6 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Technologies for Sustainable Water Treatment)
Because carbon dioxide adsorbs the radiation from the Sun and the Earth’s surface, global warming has become a severe problem in this century. Global warming causes many environmental problems such as heatwave, desertification, and erratic rainfall. Above all, erratic rainfall makes people have insufficient freshwater. To solve this problem, desalination technology has been developed in many countries. Although desalination technology can provide freshwater, it produces brine as well (producing 1 L of freshwater would result in 1 L of brine). The brine will decrease the dissolved oxygen in the sea and affect the organism’s habitat. In this study, magnesium and calcium from desalination brine were recovered in the form of magnesium hydroxide and calcium hydroxide by adjusting the pH value for carbon capture and sodium removal. Magnesium hydroxide would turn into magnesium carbonate through contacting CO2 in saturated amine carriers. Calcium hydroxide was added to the brine and reacted with CO2 (modified Solvay process). Sodium in brine would then be precipitated in the form of sodium bicarbonate. After removing sodium, brine can be released back into the ocean, or other valuable metals can be extracted from brine without the side effect of sodium. The results revealed that 288 K of 3-Amino-1-propanol could capture 15 L (26.9 g) of CO2 and that 25 g/L of Ca(OH)2 at 288 K was the optimal parameter to remove 7000 ppm sodium and adsorb 16 L (28.7 g) of CO2 in the modified Solvay process. In a nutshell, this research aims to simultaneously treat the issue of CO2 emission and desalination brine by combining the amines carrier method and the modified Solvay process. View Full-Text
Keywords: recovery; desalination brine; amine carrier; modified Solvay process; carbon capture; sodium removal; magnesium; calcium recovery; desalination brine; amine carrier; modified Solvay process; carbon capture; sodium removal; magnesium; calcium
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, C.-H.; Chen, P.-H.; Chen, W.-S. Recovery of Alkaline Earth Metals from Desalination Brine for Carbon Capture and Sodium Removal. Water 2021, 13, 3463. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233463

AMA Style

Lee C-H, Chen P-H, Chen W-S. Recovery of Alkaline Earth Metals from Desalination Brine for Carbon Capture and Sodium Removal. Water. 2021; 13(23):3463. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233463

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Cheng-Han, Pin-Han Chen, and Wei-Sheng Chen. 2021. "Recovery of Alkaline Earth Metals from Desalination Brine for Carbon Capture and Sodium Removal" Water 13, no. 23: 3463. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233463

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