Next Article in Journal
Anthropogenic and Climate-Exacerbated Landscape Disturbances Converge to Alter Phosphorus Bioavailability in an Oligotrophic River
Previous Article in Journal
Improvement of Log Reduction Values Design Equations for Helminth Egg Management in Recycled Water
Article

Effect of Climate Variability Events over the Colombian Caribbean Offshore Wind Resource

1
Colombian Oceanographic Data Center, Dirección General Marítima, Bogota 111711, Colombia
2
Natural and Environmental Resources Engineering School (EIDENAR), Faculty of Engineering, Universidad del Valle, Cali 760001, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Renato Morbidelli
Water 2021, 13(22), 3150; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223150
Received: 15 October 2021 / Revised: 4 November 2021 / Accepted: 5 November 2021 / Published: 9 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water-Energy Nexus)
The need for reducing the CO2 emissions and fossil fuel dependence of several countries generated a growing interest for the Renewables. The Caribbean Sea is characterized by persistent and high magnitude winds, which suggest an important source of offshore wind energy. Recent studies reported that the Colombian Caribbean has a relevant opportunity for developing the offshore wind technology which could complement the energy production when the hydroelectric system is under low generation due to persistent dry conditions generated by El Niño events. The offshore wind energy may complement the energy offer of Colombia. Hence, understanding the impact of climate variability events in the Caribbean over the wind magnitude, contributes to the knowledge of the resource availability for a better planning of future offshore wind farms. In this sense, this study analyzed 39 years of Reanalysis wind data through a time series analysis of the Caribbean to identify the lowest wind speed velocities and when and why they occurred. The results showed that winds of the study area represented by the Caribbean Low level, showed the lowest wind speeds in the short, mid, and long term due to the influence of the seasons, El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO). View Full-Text
Keywords: caribbean; colombia; climate variability; offshore wind; wind energy; El Niño; ENSO caribbean; colombia; climate variability; offshore wind; wind energy; El Niño; ENSO
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bastidas-Salamanca, M.; Rueda-Bayona, J.G. Effect of Climate Variability Events over the Colombian Caribbean Offshore Wind Resource. Water 2021, 13, 3150. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223150

AMA Style

Bastidas-Salamanca M, Rueda-Bayona JG. Effect of Climate Variability Events over the Colombian Caribbean Offshore Wind Resource. Water. 2021; 13(22):3150. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223150

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bastidas-Salamanca, Martha, and Juan G. Rueda-Bayona. 2021. "Effect of Climate Variability Events over the Colombian Caribbean Offshore Wind Resource" Water 13, no. 22: 3150. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223150

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop