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Article

Environmental Aspects of Historical Ferromanganese Tailings in the Šibenik Bay, Croatia

1
Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Horvatovac 102B, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Department of Geosciences, UiT—The Arctic University of Norway, Hansine Hansens veg 18, 9019 Tromsø, Norway
3
Division for Marine and Environmental Research, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička Cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Stanislav Frančišković-Bilinski and Sanja Sakan
Water 2021, 13(21), 3123; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213123
Received: 14 October 2021 / Revised: 2 November 2021 / Accepted: 3 November 2021 / Published: 5 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geochemistry of Water and Sediment Ⅱ)
The former manganese ferroalloy plant and the remaining tailings are affecting the quality of the environment in Šibenik Bay, Croatia, even though industrial activities ceased more than 25 years ago. This study has revealed that the main manganese mineral phases present in the recently collected tailings, as well as in the dust collected on the roof of the plant during the production period, are bustamite and Mn-oxides. The same type of Mn mineral phases was also found in recently collected sediments from Šibenik Bay. Detailed chemical and phase analyses (XRD, BCR sequential analysis, aqua regia and lithium borate fusion) of the dust sample revealed high manganese values (24.1%), while granulometric analysis showed that 50% of the particles are smaller than PM2.5. The influence of the tailings is visible in the sediment, but the concentrations of the potentially toxic elements determined by the sequential BCR analysis are within the legal limits. Some higher values (20.3 g/kg Mn, 595 mg/kg Pb and 494 mg/kg Zn) are detected in the tailings, which are still exposed to weathering and as such should be additionally monitored. On the other hand, this material contains a considerable number of elements that could be considered lucrative (∑ REE up to 700 mg/kg, Mn up to 23 g/kg, Fe up to 37 g/kg and Al up to 25 g/kg), opening the possibility of reuse and recovery. View Full-Text
Keywords: tailings; BCR sequential analysis; marine sediment; manganese; REE; recovery tailings; BCR sequential analysis; marine sediment; manganese; REE; recovery
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huljek, L.; Strmić Palinkaš, S.; Fiket, Ž.; Fajković, H. Environmental Aspects of Historical Ferromanganese Tailings in the Šibenik Bay, Croatia. Water 2021, 13, 3123. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213123

AMA Style

Huljek L, Strmić Palinkaš S, Fiket Ž, Fajković H. Environmental Aspects of Historical Ferromanganese Tailings in the Šibenik Bay, Croatia. Water. 2021; 13(21):3123. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213123

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huljek, Laura, Sabina Strmić Palinkaš, Željka Fiket, and Hana Fajković. 2021. "Environmental Aspects of Historical Ferromanganese Tailings in the Šibenik Bay, Croatia" Water 13, no. 21: 3123. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213123

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