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Article

The LTER-Greece Environmental Observatory Network: Design and Initial Achievements

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Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, 19013 Attika, Greece
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School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, 73100 Chania, Greece
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Hellenic Agricultural Organization (DEMETER), Soil and Water Resources Institute, 57400 Sindos, Greece
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Institute of Social Ecology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, A-1070 Vienna, Austria
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Department of Geography, University of the Aegean, 81100 Mytilini, Greece
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Navarino Environmental Observatory, Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
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Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, 70013 Heraklion, Greece
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School of Civil Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 15780 Athens, Greece
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chin H. Wu
Water 2021, 13(21), 2971; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212971
Received: 14 September 2021 / Revised: 14 October 2021 / Accepted: 18 October 2021 / Published: 21 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
Five years after its establishment (2016), the LTER-Greece network outlines its vision, aims, objectives and its achievements through a series of case studies. The network consists of eight observatories, focusing on innovative research topics, aiming to be both cooperative and complementary, while currently being in the process of expanding. LTER-Greece acknowledges the complexity of ecosystems and the fact that effective management of natural resources may only be achieved by addressing every sector of a nexus system in order to understand inter-dependencies, thus accounting for solutions that promote resilience. Hence, LTER-Greece focuses on the holistic study of the water-environment-ecosystem-food-energy-society nexus, in order to face environmental and socio-ecological challenges at local and global scales, particularly climate change, biodiversity loss, pollution, natural disasters and unsustainable water and land management. Framed around five research pillars, monitoring and research targets nine research hypotheses related to climate change, environmental management, socio-ecology and economics, biodiversity and environmental process dynamics. As environmental monitoring and related research and conservation in Greece face critical shortcomings, LTER-Greece envisages confronting these gaps and contributing with interdisciplinary solutions to the current and upcoming complex environmental challenges. View Full-Text
Keywords: LTER; LTSER; Greece; monitoring; ecosystems; socio-ecology; biodiversity; climate change LTER; LTSER; Greece; monitoring; ecosystems; socio-ecology; biodiversity; climate change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Skoulikidis, N.T.; Nikolaidis, N.P.; Panagopoulos, A.; Fischer-Kowalski, M.; Zogaris, S.; Petridis, P.; Pisinaras, V.; Efstathiou, D.; Petanidou, T.; Maneas, G.; Mihalopoulos, N.; Mimikou, M. The LTER-Greece Environmental Observatory Network: Design and Initial Achievements. Water 2021, 13, 2971. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212971

AMA Style

Skoulikidis NT, Nikolaidis NP, Panagopoulos A, Fischer-Kowalski M, Zogaris S, Petridis P, Pisinaras V, Efstathiou D, Petanidou T, Maneas G, Mihalopoulos N, Mimikou M. The LTER-Greece Environmental Observatory Network: Design and Initial Achievements. Water. 2021; 13(21):2971. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212971

Chicago/Turabian Style

Skoulikidis, Nikolaos Theodor, Nikolaos Pavlos Nikolaidis, Andreas Panagopoulos, Marina Fischer-Kowalski, Stamatis Zogaris, Panos Petridis, Vassilis Pisinaras, Dionissis Efstathiou, Theodora Petanidou, Giorgos Maneas, Nikolaos Mihalopoulos, and Maria Mimikou. 2021. "The LTER-Greece Environmental Observatory Network: Design and Initial Achievements" Water 13, no. 21: 2971. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212971

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