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Article

FLOMPY: An Open-Source Toolbox for Floodwater Mapping Using Sentinel-1 Intensity Time Series

Laboratory of Remote Sensing, National Technical University of Athens, 9 Iroon Polytechniou Str., Zographos, 15780 Athens, Greece
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Academic Editor: Maria Mimikou
Water 2021, 13(21), 2943; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212943
Received: 20 September 2021 / Revised: 13 October 2021 / Accepted: 17 October 2021 / Published: 20 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
A new automatic, free and open-source python toolbox for the mapping of floodwater is presented. The output of the toolbox is a binary mask of floodwater at a user-specified time point within geographical boundaries. It exploits the high spatial (10m) and temporal (6 days per orbit over Europe) resolution of Sentinel-1 GRD intensity time series and is based on four processing steps. In the first step, a selection of Sentinel-1 images related to pre-flood (baseline) state and flood state is performed. In the second step, the preprocessing of the selected images is performed in order to create a co-registered stack with all the pre-flood and flood images. In the third step, a statistical temporal analysis is performed and a t-score map that represents the changes due to a flood event is calculated. Finally, in the fourth step, a classification procedure based on the t-score map is performed to extract the final flood map. A thorough analysis based on several flood events is presented to demonstrate the main benefits, limitations and the potential of the proposed methodology. The validation was performed using Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMS) products. In all case studies, overall accuracies were higher than 0.95 with Kappa scores higher than 0.76. We believe that the end-user community can benefit by exploiting the flood maps of the proposed methodological pipeline by using the provided open-source toolbox. View Full-Text
Keywords: flooding; time series; Sentinel-1; thresholding; open-source software flooding; time series; Sentinel-1; thresholding; open-source software
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MDPI and ACS Style

Karamvasis, K.; Karathanassi, V. FLOMPY: An Open-Source Toolbox for Floodwater Mapping Using Sentinel-1 Intensity Time Series. Water 2021, 13, 2943. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212943

AMA Style

Karamvasis K, Karathanassi V. FLOMPY: An Open-Source Toolbox for Floodwater Mapping Using Sentinel-1 Intensity Time Series. Water. 2021; 13(21):2943. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212943

Chicago/Turabian Style

Karamvasis, Kleanthis, and Vassilia Karathanassi. 2021. "FLOMPY: An Open-Source Toolbox for Floodwater Mapping Using Sentinel-1 Intensity Time Series" Water 13, no. 21: 2943. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212943

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