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Article

Assessment of Potential Ecological Risk of Heavy Metals in Surface Soils of Laizhou, Eastern China

1
School of Earth Sciences, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
2
Yantai Coastal Zones Geological Survey, China Geological Survey, Yantai 264000, China
3
School of Ocean Sciences, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Patrizia Brunetti and Giuseppe Capobianco
Water 2021, 13(21), 2940; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212940
Received: 13 August 2021 / Revised: 20 September 2021 / Accepted: 27 September 2021 / Published: 20 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water and Soil Pollution Restoration)
With the rapid industrialization and urbanization, more attention is turning to heavy metal contamination in the soil environment. To assess the potential environmental risk on soil, a comprehensive geochemistry study on heavy metal was performed in Laizhou, eastern China, using 3834 surface soil samples (0–20 cm, regular grid of 1 × 1 km2) and 60 layered soil samples (0–200 cm) were analyzed. The average concentrations of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Zn and Pb were 7.60 mg·kg−1, 0.15 mg·kg−1, 45.50 mg·kg−1, 19.10 mg·kg−1, 44.00μg·kg−1, 18.70 mg·kg−1, 51.40 mg·kg−1 and 29.00 mg·kg−1, which were lower than the threshold levels of the Grade II criteria of China national environment quality standard for soil, but the contents of As, Cd, Hg, and Pb were higher than background values of eastern Shandong Province surface soil. Fractionation analysis showed that the potential bioavailability in surface soils decreases in the order of Cd > As > Cu > Ni > Zn > Cr > Pb > Hg. Soil assessments with enrichment factor, contamination factor, Nemerow composite index, geo-accumulation index and potential ecological risk index, indicate the soil in Laizhou is contaminated strongly with As, Cd and Hg and a moderately Cr, Ni, Cu and Zn. The level of Pb pollution is between moderate to high. Multivariate analyses suggest that Cr and Ni were derived mainly from natural sources, and As, Cd, Pb, while Hg mostly came from anthropogenic sources. Cu and Zn were from a mixture of anthropogenic and natural sources. Our results demonstrate that more attention should be paid to monitoring soil quality in the heavily polluted site. View Full-Text
Keywords: heavy metal; soil; spatial distribution; contamination assessment; Laizhou heavy metal; soil; spatial distribution; contamination assessment; Laizhou
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhao, Z.; Jiang, H.; Kong, L.; Shen, T.; Zhang, X.; Gu, S.; Han, X.; Li, Y. Assessment of Potential Ecological Risk of Heavy Metals in Surface Soils of Laizhou, Eastern China. Water 2021, 13, 2940. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212940

AMA Style

Zhao Z, Jiang H, Kong L, Shen T, Zhang X, Gu S, Han X, Li Y. Assessment of Potential Ecological Risk of Heavy Metals in Surface Soils of Laizhou, Eastern China. Water. 2021; 13(21):2940. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212940

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhao, Zhigang, Haishui Jiang, Linghao Kong, Tianyi Shen, Xionghua Zhang, Songsong Gu, Xiangcai Han, and Yachao Li. 2021. "Assessment of Potential Ecological Risk of Heavy Metals in Surface Soils of Laizhou, Eastern China" Water 13, no. 21: 2940. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212940

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