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Article

Is Drought Caused by Fate? Analysis of Farmers’ Perception and Its Influencing Factors in the Irrigation Areas of GAP-Şanlıurfa, Turkey

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Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Harran University, Şanlıurfa 63050, Turkey
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Department of Social Science Vocational School, Harran University, Şanlıurfa 63200, Turkey
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Department of Bozova Vocational School, Harran University, Şanlıurfa 63850, Turkey
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Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Harran University, Şanlıurfa 63050, Turkey
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Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kastamonu University, Kastamonu 37150, Turkey
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Department of Economic Policy, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Harran University, Şanlıurfa 63050, Turkey
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Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Isparta University of Applied Sciences, Isparta 32200, Turkey
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Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harran University, Şanlıurfa 63050, Turkey
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Şanlıurfa Technology Development Zone, Harran University, Şanlıurfa 63050, Turkey
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GAP Agricultural Research Institute and Agricultural Education Center, Republic of Turkey Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Şanlıurfa 63330, Turkey
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Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP) Regional Development Administration, Republic of Turkey Ministry of Industry and Technology, Şanlıurfa 63330, Turkey
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: YongJiang Zhang and Maria Mimikou
Water 2021, 13(18), 2519; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13182519
Received: 20 July 2021 / Revised: 10 September 2021 / Accepted: 13 September 2021 / Published: 14 September 2021
This research aims to determine the belief-based drought perceptions and attitudes of farmers in Şanlıurfa, which is in a semi-arid climate regime, and the factors affecting them. The surveys were conducted through face-to-face interviews with farmers selected by a simple random sampling method in 2020. Analyses were performed with ordinal logit regression in STATA. According to the results, while the effects of settlement location, land size, age, and the size of the household were statistically significant to farmers seeing drought, which is the dependent variable, as caused by fate, the effects of income, experience, and education level were insignificant. For the probability of predicting drought for each independent variable in the sequence analysis, the highest probabilities were found among farmers in the Harran Plain, with 21–30 years of experience, from a household of one to four people, with the land area between 5.1 and 10.0 hectares, aged 61 and above, who were primary school graduates, and who had an annual income of less than 25,000 TL ($3561). The subject of drought should be given more place in religious education in the entire research area by prioritizing these groups. It would also be beneficial to organize workshops for the farmers by agricultural consultants, where Islamic scholars would be present to support science and knowledge in terms of faith. This study is the first in this context in Turkey and provides useful data to policymakers for drought-mitigation policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change-based drought; faith; farmers’ perception; effective factors; GAP-Şanlıurfa; Turkey climate change-based drought; faith; farmers’ perception; effective factors; GAP-Şanlıurfa; Turkey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aydoğdu, M.H.; Cançelik, M.; Sevinç, M.R.; Çullu, M.A.; Yenigün, K.; Küçük, N.; Karlı, B.; Ökten, Ş.; Beyazgül, U.; Doğan, H.P.; Şahin, Z.; Mutlu, N.; Kaya, C.; Yenikale, A.; Yenikale, A. Is Drought Caused by Fate? Analysis of Farmers’ Perception and Its Influencing Factors in the Irrigation Areas of GAP-Şanlıurfa, Turkey. Water 2021, 13, 2519. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13182519

AMA Style

Aydoğdu MH, Cançelik M, Sevinç MR, Çullu MA, Yenigün K, Küçük N, Karlı B, Ökten Ş, Beyazgül U, Doğan HP, Şahin Z, Mutlu N, Kaya C, Yenikale A, Yenikale A. Is Drought Caused by Fate? Analysis of Farmers’ Perception and Its Influencing Factors in the Irrigation Areas of GAP-Şanlıurfa, Turkey. Water. 2021; 13(18):2519. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13182519

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aydoğdu, Mustafa Hakkı, Mehmet Cançelik, Mehmet Reşit Sevinç, Mehmet Ali Çullu, Kasım Yenigün, Nihat Küçük, Bahri Karlı, Şevket Ökten, Uğur Beyazgül, Hatice Parlakçı Doğan, Zeliha Şahin, Nusret Mutlu, Celal Kaya, Ayla Yenikale, and Akif Yenikale. 2021. "Is Drought Caused by Fate? Analysis of Farmers’ Perception and Its Influencing Factors in the Irrigation Areas of GAP-Şanlıurfa, Turkey" Water 13, no. 18: 2519. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13182519

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