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Article

Targeting Irrigation Expansion to Address Sustainable Development Objectives: A Regional Farm Typology Approach

1
Department of Geography, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
2
The Center for Global Change and Earth Observation, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
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Laboratorio de Análisis Geo-Espacial (LAGE), Instituto de Geografía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, Del. Coyoacán, Apdo Postal 20850, Mexico City 04510, Mexico
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Research Center for Complexity Science, Centro de Ciencias de la Complejidad, C3, UNAM, Mexico City 04510, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Daniel Kurtzman
Water 2021, 13(17), 2393; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172393
Received: 29 July 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 29 August 2021 / Published: 30 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water, Agriculture and Aquaculture)
Sustainable water management is a core sustainable development goal (SDG) that also contributes to other SDGs, including food and water security, ecosystem health, and climate adaptation. To achieve these synergies, policies must target efforts to regions that best correspond with development objectives. This study designs a targeting strategy for irrigation expansion in southern Mexico—a region long considered to have strong potential for sustainable irrigation development. We use an integrated farm typology and decision tree approach to identify priority municipalities for irrigation expansion. We use multivariate statistics to examine the relationships among farm characteristics in 933 municipalities, classifying each according to four farm types: lowland, midland, midland-irrigated, and highland. We then partition municipalities into 11 farm-type subgroups, each ranked by priority level for receiving irrigation interventions following Mexico’s National Water Program guidelines. Results identify a ‘highest-priority’ subgroup of 73 municipalities comprised mostly of midland and highland farm types. These types are characterized by low irrigation use, small farmland areas, high vulnerability to climate, high marginalization (poverty), strong representation from indigenous communities, low maize yield, and high rates of subsistence production. Findings provide a crucial first approximation of where irrigation expansion would best address water policy priorities and sustainable development objectives in southern Mexico. This study also provides a useful framework for scaling organizations tasked with targeting development efforts across large spatial scales. View Full-Text
Keywords: crop water management; agricultural systems; agricultural policy; SDGs; Mexico crop water management; agricultural systems; agricultural policy; SDGs; Mexico
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MDPI and ACS Style

LaFevor, M.C.; Frake, A.N.; Couturier, S. Targeting Irrigation Expansion to Address Sustainable Development Objectives: A Regional Farm Typology Approach. Water 2021, 13, 2393. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172393

AMA Style

LaFevor MC, Frake AN, Couturier S. Targeting Irrigation Expansion to Address Sustainable Development Objectives: A Regional Farm Typology Approach. Water. 2021; 13(17):2393. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172393

Chicago/Turabian Style

LaFevor, Matthew C., April N. Frake, and Stéphane Couturier. 2021. "Targeting Irrigation Expansion to Address Sustainable Development Objectives: A Regional Farm Typology Approach" Water 13, no. 17: 2393. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172393

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