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Sustainable Model: Recommendations for Water Conservation Strategies in a Developing Country Through a Psychosocial Wellness Program

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Institute of Business and Information Technology, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
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ISCAL (Instituto Superior de Contabilidade e Administração de Lisboa), Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa, Avenida Miguel Bombarda, 20, 1069-035 Lisboa, Portugal
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Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL), 1649-026 Lisboa, Portugal
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Polytechnic Institute of Santarém, School of Management and Technology (ESGTS-IPS), 2001-904 Santarém, Portugal
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ISTA-School of Technologies and Architecture, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), ISTAR-IUL, Avenida das Forças Armadas, 1649-026 Lisboa, Portugal
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Microsoft (CSS-Microsoft Customer Service and Suport Department), Rua Do Fogo de Santelmo, Lote 2.07.02, 1990-110 Lisboa, Portugal
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pankaj Kumar
Water 2021, 13(14), 1984; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141984
Received: 12 May 2021 / Revised: 13 July 2021 / Accepted: 14 July 2021 / Published: 20 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
Human industrial activities are bringing physiochemical changes to the land, air, and seas and leading towards more uncertain climate changes, like drought, thunderstorms, and heat waves. This has resulted in water scarcity because of overexploitation of water resources. It is therefore imperative to develop effective conservation programs that consider the factors that affect the decisions of people with regard to water conservation and sustainable activities. This study considered the perspective of a developing country and explored the impact of three psychosocial factors, i.e., subjective happiness, perceived stress, and personal well-being, on individuals’ current and future intentions to conserve water. A sample of 304 respondents was collected via a self-administered questionnaire containing measures of demographic characteristics, psychological factors, and current and future water conservation behavior. The data were collected online as well as through hard copies. Correlational analysis showed that the three psychosocial factors had significant associations with both current and future intentions to conserve water. Furthermore, the effect size (f2) demonstrated that personal well-being was a significant predictor of current and future water conservation behavior. Stress, however, did not serve as a significant predictor of either current or future water conservation behavior. In contrast, subjective happiness was a significant predictor of only future water conservation behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: conservation; sustainable activities; overexploitation; seas; social welfare; environmentally friendly; psychosocial factors conservation; sustainable activities; overexploitation; seas; social welfare; environmentally friendly; psychosocial factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aslam, S.; Aftab, H.; Martins, J.M.; Mata, M.N.; Qureshi, H.A.; Adriano, A.M.; Mata, P.N. Sustainable Model: Recommendations for Water Conservation Strategies in a Developing Country Through a Psychosocial Wellness Program. Water 2021, 13, 1984. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141984

AMA Style

Aslam S, Aftab H, Martins JM, Mata MN, Qureshi HA, Adriano AM, Mata PN. Sustainable Model: Recommendations for Water Conservation Strategies in a Developing Country Through a Psychosocial Wellness Program. Water. 2021; 13(14):1984. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141984

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aslam, Sumaira, Hira Aftab, José M. Martins, Mário N. Mata, Hamza A. Qureshi, Ana M. Adriano, and Pedro N. Mata 2021. "Sustainable Model: Recommendations for Water Conservation Strategies in a Developing Country Through a Psychosocial Wellness Program" Water 13, no. 14: 1984. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141984

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