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Article

Crustaceans in the Meiobenthos and Plankton of the Thermokarst Lakes and Polygonal Ponds in the Lena River Delta (Northern Yakutia, Russia): Species Composition and Factors Regulating Assemblage Structures

1
Department of Main Ecology and Hydrobiology, Biological Faculty, Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
2
Severtsov Institute of Ecology & Evolution, Leninsky Pr. 33, 119071 Moscow, Russia
3
State Nature Reserve “Wrangel Island”, Kuvaeva Str. 23, Chukotka Autonomous Region, 689400 Pevek, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kay Van Damme
Water 2021, 13(14), 1936; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141936
Received: 10 June 2021 / Revised: 8 July 2021 / Accepted: 10 July 2021 / Published: 13 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Species Richness and Diversity of Aquatic Ecosystems)
Information about invertebrates in the low-flow water bodies of northeastern Siberia is far from complete. In particular, little is known about crustaceans—one of the main components of meiobenthic and zooplanktonic communities. An open question is which environmental factors significantly affect the crustaceans in different taxonomic and ecological groups? Based on the data collected on the zooplankton and meiobenthos in the tundra ponds in the southern part of the Lena River Delta, analysis of the crustacean taxocene structure was performed. In total, 59 crustacean species and taxa were found. Five of these are new for the region. The species richness was higher in the large thermokarst lakes than in the small water bodies, and the abundance was higher in small polygonal ponds than in the other water bodies. Variations in the Cladocera assemblages were mainly affected by the annual differences in the water temperature; non-harpacticoid copepods were generally determined by hydrochemical factors; and for Harpacticoida, the macrophyte composition was significant. Three types of the crustacean assemblages characteristic of different stages of tundra lake development were distinguished. The hypothesis that the formation of crustacean taxocenes in the Lena River Delta is mainly determined by two types of ecological filters, temperature and local features of the water body, was confirmed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lena River Delta; zooplankton; meiobenthos; Cladocera; Copepoda; ecological factors Lena River Delta; zooplankton; meiobenthos; Cladocera; Copepoda; ecological factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chertoprud, E.S.; Novichkova, A.A. Crustaceans in the Meiobenthos and Plankton of the Thermokarst Lakes and Polygonal Ponds in the Lena River Delta (Northern Yakutia, Russia): Species Composition and Factors Regulating Assemblage Structures. Water 2021, 13, 1936. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141936

AMA Style

Chertoprud ES, Novichkova AA. Crustaceans in the Meiobenthos and Plankton of the Thermokarst Lakes and Polygonal Ponds in the Lena River Delta (Northern Yakutia, Russia): Species Composition and Factors Regulating Assemblage Structures. Water. 2021; 13(14):1936. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141936

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chertoprud, Elena S., and Anna A. Novichkova 2021. "Crustaceans in the Meiobenthos and Plankton of the Thermokarst Lakes and Polygonal Ponds in the Lena River Delta (Northern Yakutia, Russia): Species Composition and Factors Regulating Assemblage Structures" Water 13, no. 14: 1936. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141936

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