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Article

Gendered Perspectives on Climate Change Adaptation: A Quest for Social Sustainability in Badlagaree Village, Bangladesh

1
Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
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College of Social Sciences and International Studies, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4PY, UK
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Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
4
Department of Environment and Development Studies, United International University, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ming Hsu Li, Ian Holman and Ching-pin Tung
Water 2021, 13(14), 1922; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141922
Received: 9 June 2021 / Revised: 6 July 2021 / Accepted: 8 July 2021 / Published: 12 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Resources Vulnerability and Resilience in a Changing Climate)
Climate change effects cause major socioeconomic challenges for marginalized groups, particularly women, in Bangladesh. Specifically, drought increases resource scarcity, causing social problems that impact women, which can be described as the gendered sociocultural construction of vulnerabilities. Given this constructed dimension of gender-based vulnerability, this paper explores the effects of drought on marginalized women in one local case study, namely Badlagaree village in Gaibandha district, Bangladesh. To examine this linkage, we collected qualitative primary data using ethnographic research methods, primarily focus group discussions. Findings show that gender-based vulnerability is increasing due to growing drought effects, including agricultural production loss. Marginalized women, because of their gender identity, encounter these drought effects through unemployment, food insecurity, illiteracy, early marriage, dowry costs and violence. While further national-scale research is required, this paper argues that in order to overcome such gender-based vulnerability, current development policies, social programs, and adaptation strategies should better recognize such social dynamics. Further, a gender-specific understanding requires incorporation into adaptation policies through greater collaborative governance as an important prerequisite for sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; drought; gender; social vulnerability; violence against women; social development; adaptation; sustainability climate change; drought; gender; social vulnerability; violence against women; social development; adaptation; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hossen, M.A.; Benson, D.; Hossain, S.Z.; Sultana, Z.; Rahman, M.M. Gendered Perspectives on Climate Change Adaptation: A Quest for Social Sustainability in Badlagaree Village, Bangladesh. Water 2021, 13, 1922. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141922

AMA Style

Hossen MA, Benson D, Hossain SZ, Sultana Z, Rahman MM. Gendered Perspectives on Climate Change Adaptation: A Quest for Social Sustainability in Badlagaree Village, Bangladesh. Water. 2021; 13(14):1922. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141922

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hossen, M. A., David Benson, Syeda Z. Hossain, Zakia Sultana, and Md. M. Rahman 2021. "Gendered Perspectives on Climate Change Adaptation: A Quest for Social Sustainability in Badlagaree Village, Bangladesh" Water 13, no. 14: 1922. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141922

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