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Article

Leakage Management and Pipe System Efficiency. Its Influence in the Improvement of the Efficiency Indexes

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Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering Department, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
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Rural and Agrifood Engineering Department, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gordon Huang
Water 2021, 13(14), 1909; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141909
Received: 2 June 2021 / Revised: 29 June 2021 / Accepted: 7 July 2021 / Published: 9 July 2021
Water is one of the most valuable resources for humans. Worldwide, leakage levels in water distribution systems oscillate between 10% and 55%. This causes the need for constant repairs, economic losses, and risk to the health of users due to possible pathogenic intrusion. There are different methods for estimating the level of leakage in a network, depending on parameters such as service pressure, orifice size, age and pipe material. Sixty-two water distribution networks were analyzed to determine the leakage method used, the calibration method, and the percentage of existing leaks. Different efficiency indicators were proposed and evaluated using this database. Several cases of installation of pumps working as turbines (PATs) in water distribution networks were analyzed in which the use of these recovery systems caused a pressure drop, reducing the level of leaks and recovering energy. View Full-Text
Keywords: leakage; PATs; efficiency indexes; water networks; energy recovery leakage; PATs; efficiency indexes; water networks; energy recovery
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ávila, C.A.M.; Sánchez-Romero, F.-J.; López-Jiménez, P.A.; Pérez-Sánchez, M. Leakage Management and Pipe System Efficiency. Its Influence in the Improvement of the Efficiency Indexes. Water 2021, 13, 1909. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141909

AMA Style

Ávila CAM, Sánchez-Romero F-J, López-Jiménez PA, Pérez-Sánchez M. Leakage Management and Pipe System Efficiency. Its Influence in the Improvement of the Efficiency Indexes. Water. 2021; 13(14):1909. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141909

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ávila, Carlos A.M., Francisco-Javier Sánchez-Romero, P. A. López-Jiménez, and Modesto Pérez-Sánchez. 2021. "Leakage Management and Pipe System Efficiency. Its Influence in the Improvement of the Efficiency Indexes" Water 13, no. 14: 1909. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141909

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