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Article

A Sustainability Index within Water and Wastewater Management in Sweden: An Evaluation of Eight Case Studies

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Department of Construction Engineering and Lighting Science, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, 551 11 Jönköping, Sweden
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Division of Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, S-221 00 Lund, Sweden
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Akintunde O. Babatunde
Water 2021, 13(14), 1879; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141879
Received: 4 June 2021 / Revised: 26 June 2021 / Accepted: 2 July 2021 / Published: 7 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Urban Water Management)
A sustainability index (SI) is a benchmark for guiding the activities of municipal water and wastewater (W and WS) utilities toward sustainability. The SI has been used in Sweden since 2014 as an internal benchmark management tool facilitating the strategic work of organizations. This study assesses how the SI was applied in practice by eight utilities (Orgs 1–8) from 2015 to 2019. The study was performed using in-depth semi-structured interviews with managers of the utilities and analyzing 32 SI reports and other documents. The utilities generally perform better in all parameters compared with the national average. Three utilities had improved results during the study period, while the other five had unchanged development. Five utilities use the SI index to improve their performance, and three use the SI results to grade the organization. All utilities are concerned with sustainability and wish to improve their performance. The study found that the parameter “Status of W and WS fixed facilities” was the furthest from sustainability. The study also clarifies that the technical committee has the primary responsibility to ensure that the technical office meets the sustainability objectives. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability index; parameters; ensure sustainability; reinvestment fund; fixed facilities; W and WS management in Sweden sustainability index; parameters; ensure sustainability; reinvestment fund; fixed facilities; W and WS management in Sweden
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MDPI and ACS Style

Najar, N.; Persson, K.M. A Sustainability Index within Water and Wastewater Management in Sweden: An Evaluation of Eight Case Studies. Water 2021, 13, 1879. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141879

AMA Style

Najar N, Persson KM. A Sustainability Index within Water and Wastewater Management in Sweden: An Evaluation of Eight Case Studies. Water. 2021; 13(14):1879. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141879

Chicago/Turabian Style

Najar, Nasik, and Kenneth M. Persson 2021. "A Sustainability Index within Water and Wastewater Management in Sweden: An Evaluation of Eight Case Studies" Water 13, no. 14: 1879. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141879

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