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Article

Measures to Cope with the Impact of Climate Change and Drought in the Island Region: A Study of the Water Literacy Awareness, Attitude, and Behavior of the Taiwanese Public

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Department of Marine Leisure Management, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 811034, Taiwan
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Department of Leisure Industry Management, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung 41170, Taiwan
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MA Program in Social Enterprise and Cultural Innovation Studies, College of Humanities & Social Sciences, Providence University, Taichung 433719, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Hsin-Fu Yeh, Chien-Chung Ke and Jhe-Wei Lee
Water 2021, 13(13), 1799; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131799
Received: 19 May 2021 / Revised: 23 June 2021 / Accepted: 24 June 2021 / Published: 29 June 2021
This study assessed people’s water literacy awareness, attitudes, and behaviors to iden-tify strategies for coping with drought and water scarcity. The data from 653 questionnaires were analyzed by statistical validation and using IBM SPSS 22 and IBM AMOS 26.0. The views of students, housewives, swimming pool owners, schoolteachers, and experts were collected and finally examined by multivariate validation analysis. People have a high level of water literacy and developed sufficient water-saving habits (4.60). Although most people believe that tap water is of good quality, it is difficult to deliver and expensive, and cannot be consumed directly. Even though people are aware of the water shortage crisis, willing to carry water bottles instead of using plastic bottled water, choosing to buy environmentally friendly cleaning products (4.08), performing water conservation behaviors on the go, taking showers within 6–15 min, and taking the initiative to notify the relevant authorities to repair water facilities, the frequency of using bottled water is still high due to work and living habits, consumption ability, and mobility constraints (34.6), and they are less willing to buy products with the “water proficiency label” (4.08) and participate in stream-cleaning activities (3.57). The willingness to participate in water purification activities is low. The public also feels that the government is responsible for solving the current water shortage crisis (3.71). There are significant differences in the perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors of water literacy among people of different genders, ages, and regions, depending on their work and consumption abilities, quality of life, and convenience (p < 0.05). Increasing water responsibility can enhance environmental management actions, consumer economic actions, and civic actions, while enhancing water perceptions and crisis awareness can further strengthen civic behaviors. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; drought; water sustainability; water literacy; governance effectiveness climate change; drought; water sustainability; water literacy; governance effectiveness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, J.-H.; Lin, H.-H.; Lo, Y.-C.; Tseng, K.-C.; Hsu, C.-H. Measures to Cope with the Impact of Climate Change and Drought in the Island Region: A Study of the Water Literacy Awareness, Attitude, and Behavior of the Taiwanese Public. Water 2021, 13, 1799. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131799

AMA Style

Yu J-H, Lin H-H, Lo Y-C, Tseng K-C, Hsu C-H. Measures to Cope with the Impact of Climate Change and Drought in the Island Region: A Study of the Water Literacy Awareness, Attitude, and Behavior of the Taiwanese Public. Water. 2021; 13(13):1799. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131799

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yu, Jo-Hung, Hsiao-Hsien Lin, Yu-Chih Lo, Kuan-Chieh Tseng, and Chin-Hsien Hsu. 2021. "Measures to Cope with the Impact of Climate Change and Drought in the Island Region: A Study of the Water Literacy Awareness, Attitude, and Behavior of the Taiwanese Public" Water 13, no. 13: 1799. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131799

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