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Article

CO2 and CH4 Emissions from an Arid Fluvial Network on the Chinese Loess Plateau

by 1,†, 2,†, 1 and 1,3,*
1
Department of Geography, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
School of Ecology and Environment, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China
3
Shenzhen Institute of Research and Innovation, The University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen 518000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Chun Ngai Chan and Hongyan Shi contributed equally to this paper.
Academic Editor: Soren Brothers
Water 2021, 13(12), 1614; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121614
Received: 7 May 2021 / Revised: 4 June 2021 / Accepted: 5 June 2021 / Published: 8 June 2021
The emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from inland waters are an important component of the global carbon (C) cycle. However, the current understanding of GHGs emissions from arid river systems remains largely unknown. To shed light on GHGs emissions from inland waters in arid regions, high-resolution carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emission measurements were carried out in the arid Kuye River Basin (KRB) on the Chinese Loess Plateau to examine their spatio-temporal variability. Our results show that all streams and rivers were net C sources, but some of the reservoirs in the KRB became carbon sinks at certain times. The CO2 flux (FCO2) recorded in the rivers (91.0 mmol m−2 d−1) was higher than that of the reservoirs (10.0 mmol m−2 d−1), while CH4 flux (FCH4) in rivers (0.35 mmol m−2 d−1) was lower than that of the reservoirs (0.78 mmol m−2 d−1). The best model developed from a number of environmental parameters was able to explain almost 40% of the variability in partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) for rivers and reservoirs, respectively. For CH4 emissions, at least 70% of the flux occurred in the form of ebullition. The emissions of CH4 in summer were more than threefold higher than in spring and autumn, with water temperature being the key environmental variable affecting emission rates. Since the construction of reservoirs can alter the morphology of existing fluvial systems and consequently the characteristics of CO2 and CH4 emissions, we conclude that future sampling efforts conducted at the basin scale need to cover both rivers and reservoirs concurrently. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon dioxide; methane; carbon cycle; Chinese Loess Plateau; arid fluvial network carbon dioxide; methane; carbon cycle; Chinese Loess Plateau; arid fluvial network
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chan, C.-N.; Shi, H.; Liu, B.; Ran, L. CO2 and CH4 Emissions from an Arid Fluvial Network on the Chinese Loess Plateau. Water 2021, 13, 1614. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121614

AMA Style

Chan C-N, Shi H, Liu B, Ran L. CO2 and CH4 Emissions from an Arid Fluvial Network on the Chinese Loess Plateau. Water. 2021; 13(12):1614. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121614

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chan, Chun-Ngai, Hongyan Shi, Boyi Liu, and Lishan Ran. 2021. "CO2 and CH4 Emissions from an Arid Fluvial Network on the Chinese Loess Plateau" Water 13, no. 12: 1614. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121614

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