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Open AccessReview

Microplastics and Nanoplastics in the Freshwater and Terrestrial Environment: A Review

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6, Canada
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Water 2020, 12(9), 2633; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092633
Received: 14 August 2020 / Revised: 12 September 2020 / Accepted: 14 September 2020 / Published: 21 September 2020
This review is a critical analysis of current freshwater and terrestrial research with an emphasis on transport, behaviour, fate and subsequent ecological impacts that plastic pollution poses. The current methods of extraction and evaluation of organic-rich samples are also explored for both micro- and nanoplastics. Furthermore, micro- and nanoplastics are discussed with reference to their environmental and health implications for biota. Regulations imposed on the manufacture and distribution of plastics globally are also noted. Within the review, the current literature has been presented and knowledge gaps identified. These include the characterization and quantification of micro- and nanoplastics entering and forming within the freshwater and terrestrial environment, the fate and behaviour of micro- and nanoplastics under varying conditions and the impacts of micro- and nanoplastics on freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems. View Full-Text
Keywords: fate; transport; impact; sampling; quantification; characterization fate; transport; impact; sampling; quantification; characterization
MDPI and ACS Style

Boyle, K.; Örmeci, B. Microplastics and Nanoplastics in the Freshwater and Terrestrial Environment: A Review. Water 2020, 12, 2633. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092633

AMA Style

Boyle K, Örmeci B. Microplastics and Nanoplastics in the Freshwater and Terrestrial Environment: A Review. Water. 2020; 12(9):2633. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092633

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boyle, Kellie; Örmeci, Banu. 2020. "Microplastics and Nanoplastics in the Freshwater and Terrestrial Environment: A Review" Water 12, no. 9: 2633. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092633

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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