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Open AccessFeature PaperEditor’s ChoiceArticle

Sea-Level Variability in the Gulf of Naples and the “Acqua Alta” Episodes in Ischia from Tide-Gauge Observations in the Period 2002–2019

Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie, Università degli Studi di Napoli “Parthenope”, Ctr Direz Isola C4, 80143 Naples, Italy
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Water 2020, 12(9), 2466; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092466
Received: 28 July 2020 / Revised: 30 August 2020 / Accepted: 31 August 2020 / Published: 2 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Relative Sea-Level Changes and their Impact on Coastal Zones)
This work presents an 18-year-long (2002–2019) tide-gauge dataset collected on the Island of Ischia (Gulf of Naples, Southern Tyrrhenian Sea) that can contribute to the analysis of the basic features of sea-level variability in this region. Analysis of tidal constituents shows that the Gulf of Naples is characterized by the absence of any amphidromic system. In this area, sea-level changes due to the astronomical component of the tide are generally limited to ±20 cm with respect to the mean sea level, but the impact of this variability is enhanced by global sea-level increase and the effect of regional atmospheric perturbations that might also triple sea-level variations. The effects of these events, whose frequency has increased in recent decades, has been dramatic in coastal areas where intense social and economic activity occurs, e.g., in Ischia. On interannual time scales, the results indicate that the relative sea-level rise in Ischia has a magnitude of 3.9 mm/year. Special attention is dedicated to the “acqua alta” episodes and to their linkage with long-term sea-level trends and atmospheric forcing. View Full-Text
Keywords: sea level change; tide-gauges; atmospheric variability; Tyrrhenian sea; climate change; interannual variations; acqua alta sea level change; tide-gauges; atmospheric variability; Tyrrhenian sea; climate change; interannual variations; acqua alta
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MDPI and ACS Style

Buonocore, B.; Cotroneo, Y.; Capozzi, V.; Aulicino, G.; Zambardino, G.; Budillon, G. Sea-Level Variability in the Gulf of Naples and the “Acqua Alta” Episodes in Ischia from Tide-Gauge Observations in the Period 2002–2019. Water 2020, 12, 2466. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092466

AMA Style

Buonocore B, Cotroneo Y, Capozzi V, Aulicino G, Zambardino G, Budillon G. Sea-Level Variability in the Gulf of Naples and the “Acqua Alta” Episodes in Ischia from Tide-Gauge Observations in the Period 2002–2019. Water. 2020; 12(9):2466. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092466

Chicago/Turabian Style

Buonocore, Berardino; Cotroneo, Yuri; Capozzi, Vincenzo; Aulicino, Giuseppe; Zambardino, Giovanni; Budillon, Giorgio. 2020. "Sea-Level Variability in the Gulf of Naples and the “Acqua Alta” Episodes in Ischia from Tide-Gauge Observations in the Period 2002–2019" Water 12, no. 9: 2466. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12092466

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