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Minimal Building Flood Fragility and Loss Function Portfolio for Resilience Analysis at the Community Level

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1372, USA
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Water 2020, 12(8), 2277; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082277
Received: 27 June 2020 / Revised: 1 August 2020 / Accepted: 8 August 2020 / Published: 13 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
Current flood vulnerability analyses rely on deterministic methods (e.g., stage–damage functions) to quantify resulting damage and losses to the built environment. While such approaches have been used extensively by communities, they do not enable the propagation of uncertainty into a risk- or resilience-informed decision process. In this paper, a method that allows the development of building fragility and building loss functions is articulated and applied to develop an archetype portfolio that can be used to model buildings in a typical community. The typical single-variable flood vulnerability function, normally based on flood depth, is extended to a multi-variate flood vulnerability function, which is a function of both flood depth and flood duration, thereby creating fragility surfaces. The portfolio presented herein consists of 15 building archetypes that can serve to populate a community-level model to predict damage and resulting functionality from a scenario flood event. The prediction of damage and functionality of buildings within a community is the first step in developing risk-informed mitigation decisions to improve community resilience. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood risk; flood damage; flood fragility; flood loss; community resilience; multi-variate analysis flood risk; flood damage; flood fragility; flood loss; community resilience; multi-variate analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nofal, O.M.; van de Lindt, J.W. Minimal Building Flood Fragility and Loss Function Portfolio for Resilience Analysis at the Community Level. Water 2020, 12, 2277. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082277

AMA Style

Nofal OM, van de Lindt JW. Minimal Building Flood Fragility and Loss Function Portfolio for Resilience Analysis at the Community Level. Water. 2020; 12(8):2277. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082277

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nofal, Omar M., and John W. van de Lindt. 2020. "Minimal Building Flood Fragility and Loss Function Portfolio for Resilience Analysis at the Community Level" Water 12, no. 8: 2277. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082277

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