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Article

Modeling Long-Term Temporal Variation of Dew Formation in Jordan and Its Link to Climate Change

1
Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Geographical Science and Planning, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 8174673441, Iran
2
Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR/Physics), University of Helsinki, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland
3
Department of Geology, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
4
Faculty of Science, Mutah University, Karak 61710, Jordan
5
Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR/Forest), University of Helsinki, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland
6
School of Science, Department of Physics, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(8), 2186; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082186
Received: 3 July 2020 / Revised: 25 July 2020 / Accepted: 30 July 2020 / Published: 3 August 2020
In this study, we performed model simulations to investigate the spatial, seasonal, and annual dew yield during 40 years (1979–2018) at ten locations reflecting the variation of climate and environmental conditions in Jordan. In accordance with the climate zones in Jordan, the dew formation had distinguished characteristics features with respect to the yield, seasonal variation, and spatial variation. The highest water dew yield (an overall annual mean cumulative dew yield as high as 88 mm) was obtained for the Mountains Heights Plateau, which has a Mediterranean climate. The least dew yield (as low as 19 mm) was obtained in Badia, which has an arid climate. The dew yield had a decreasing trend in the past 40 years due to climate change impacts such as increased desertification and the potential of sand and dust storms in the region. In addition, increased anthropogenic air pollution slows down the conversion of vapor to liquid phase change, which also impacts the potential of dew formation. The dew yield showed three distinguished seasonal patterns reflecting the three climates in Jordan. The Mountains Heights Plateau (Mediterranean climate) has the highest potential for dew harvesting (especially during the summer) than Badia (semi-arid climate). View Full-Text
Keywords: cumulative dew; spatial variation; seasonal variation cumulative dew; spatial variation; seasonal variation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Atashi, N.; Rahimi, D.; Al Kuisi, M.; Jiries, A.; Vuollekoski, H.; Kulmala, M.; Vesala, T.; Hussein, T. Modeling Long-Term Temporal Variation of Dew Formation in Jordan and Its Link to Climate Change. Water 2020, 12, 2186. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082186

AMA Style

Atashi N, Rahimi D, Al Kuisi M, Jiries A, Vuollekoski H, Kulmala M, Vesala T, Hussein T. Modeling Long-Term Temporal Variation of Dew Formation in Jordan and Its Link to Climate Change. Water. 2020; 12(8):2186. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082186

Chicago/Turabian Style

Atashi, Nahid; Rahimi, Dariush; Al Kuisi, Mustafa; Jiries, Anwar; Vuollekoski, Henri; Kulmala, Markku; Vesala, Timo; Hussein, Tareq. 2020. "Modeling Long-Term Temporal Variation of Dew Formation in Jordan and Its Link to Climate Change" Water 12, no. 8: 2186. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082186

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